It could leave them vulnerable to layoffs, stalled careers and lower pay for years to come, new studies find.
New research shows evidence that pay gaps are related to salary negotiations.
Although it leaves out the majority of workers, the policy change is seen by many as a step in the right direction.
The "Fosse/Verdon" actress pointed out that women of color can end up making half of what their white male counterparts make.
The question can perpetuate long-standing pay disparities among women and racial and ethnic groups.
Greater transparency around salaries could help close racial and gender pay gaps but can be tricky to navigate.
About 82% of men receive the raise they asked for.
The orchestra's principal flutist, Elizabeth Rowe, found out she makes about $65,000 less than the male oboe player next to her.