New California law will require employers to notify workers of COVID-19 cases
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As we head into what looks like a third wave of COVID-19, many workplaces are still struggling to figure out how to best handle the virus — should workers stay home? When should they come back? Should employers administer tests? And who gets told the results?
The lack of a strong set of binding national rules for much of this has left many states to fill in the gaps. In California, a new law will go into effect in January that sets up specific requirements for employers when someone in the workplace gets COVID-19.
One example: There’s been no work-from-home or shelter-in-place for tens of thousands of warehouse workers in Southern California, said Sheheryar Kaoosji, executive director at the Warehouse Worker Resource Center.
“We call them essential workers; we talked about how important they are,” he said, yet often they haven’t gotten essential information about COVID-19 cases on the job.
“There was a lot of fear,” Kaoosji said. “A lot of the time the employer would say, ‘Well, I can’t tell you that,’ or ‘we’re not going to talk about that.'”
But starting at the beginning of next year, California employers will have to notify all workers of any potential COVID-19 exposure in the workplace within one day of learning of the risk and inform public health authorities of an outbreak of three or more infections within two weeks of one another.
Nationally, employers have no such obligation, said Debbie Berkowitz, worker safety and health program director with the National Employment Law Project.
“Knowledge is power,” she said. “Without that information, I don’t really know how workers can protect themselves.”
While a handful of states have adopted some form of reporting requirement like California’s, the federal government has only made nonbinding recommendations.
The lack of federal reporting requirements sometimes leaves resource-thin public health departments to discover workplace clusters only through lengthy investigations.
“In the absence of any requirement, it is almost impossible for the local public health agencies to prevent the spread of COVID-19 in the community,” Berkowitz said.
But informing an entire workforce of potential COVID-19 risks can be complex for organizations, said Sean Kramer, an employment law attorney with Ogletree Deakins in San Francisco. He cited the example of a truck driver who visits multiple sites and has many limited interactions.
“There’s the potential for over-notification to employees as a sort of a stop gap or a failsafe,” he said. “It may ultimately scare employees.”
And while the California law prevents employers from naming names, in many workplaces the identity of an infected person would be hard to hide, raising privacy concerns.
COVID-19 Economy FAQs
Are states ready to roll out COVID-19 vaccines?
Claire Hannan, executive director of the nonprofit Association of Immunization Managers, which represents state health officials, said states have been making good progress in their preparations. And we could have several vaccines pretty soon. But states still need more funding, she said. Hannan doesn’t think a lack of additional funding would hold up distribution initially, but it could cause problems down the road. “It’s really worrisome that Congress may not pass funding or that there’s information circulating saying that states don’t need additional funding,” she said.
How is the service industry dealing with the return of coronavirus restrictions?
Without another round of something like the Paycheck Protection Program, which kept a lot of businesses afloat during the pandemic’s early stages, the outlook is bleak for places like restaurants. Some in the San Francisco Bay Area, for example, only got one week of indoor dining back before cases rose and restrictions went back into effect. Restaurant owners are revamping their business models in an effort to survive while waiting to see if they’ll be able to get more aid.
How are hospitals handling the nationwide surge in COVID-19 cases?
As the pandemic surges and more medical professionals themselves are coming down with COVID, nearly 1 in 5 hospitals in the country report having a critical shortage of staff, according to data from the Department of Health and Human Services. One of the knock-on effects of staff shortages is that people who have other medical needs are being asked to wait.
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