COVID-19

California adopts emergency workplace safety rules for COVID-19

Meghan McCarty Carino Nov 20, 2020
Heard on: Marketplace
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A security guard checks a customer's temperature outside a retail store. Efforts to prevent virus transmission in the workplace are gaining steam. Sean Rayford/Getty Images
COVID-19

California adopts emergency workplace safety rules for COVID-19

Meghan McCarty Carino Nov 20, 2020
A security guard checks a customer's temperature outside a retail store. Efforts to prevent virus transmission in the workplace are gaining steam. Sean Rayford/Getty Images
HTML EMBED:
COPY

California has become the fourth and largest state to adopt emergency workplace protections for COVID-19. Nearly 20 million workers in California will be protected by the new mandate, which includes requirements for face masks, physical distancing and reporting of outbreaks in the workplace.

Virginia, Michigan and Oregon have moved forward with similar plans, though such measures haven’t been legally required at the federal level. However, the Biden administration could change that.

The federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or OSHA, usually sets specific, enforceable rules for dealing with workplace dangers like hazardous chemicals and blood-borne diseases. But during the pandemic, the agency has declined to create a binding set of safety rules specific to COVID-19.

“There was no guidance anywhere, really,” said Maggie Robbins, a workplace safety advocate with the nonprofit Worksafe, which collaborated with California regulators on their new emergency rules.

“There’s no way we can control the broader circulation of COVID if we keep having outbreaks at workplaces,” she said.

Under the new emergency standard, California regulators will have new tools to enforce mask wearing and physical distancing, and employers will be required to investigate, report and test for potential outbreaks.

Robert Moutrie, of the California Chamber of Commerce, said that could unfairly burden employers as community spread surges.

“You may have no role in those cases appearing in your workplace, but you will be put under outbreak protocols,” he said.

Large clusters have been documented at meatpacking plants, garment factories and among farmworkers across the country, and the risk of workplace spread has increased as coronavirus cases mount.

Rebecca Reindel, director of occupational safety and health at the AFL-CIO, said the federal government should follow the lead of states like California.

“The virus doesn’t know boundaries,” she said. “You need national leadership to set those plans.”

The labor organization will be making recommendations to the Biden transition team for who should lead OSHA. President-elect Joe Biden has said he would move to create national workplace safety rules for COVID-19.

COVID-19 Economy FAQs

Are states ready to roll out COVID-19 vaccines?

Claire Hannan, executive director of the nonprofit Association of Immunization Managers, which represents state health officials, said states have been making good progress in their preparations. And we could have several vaccines pretty soon. But states still need more funding, she said. Hannan doesn’t think a lack of additional funding would hold up distribution initially, but it could cause problems down the road. “It’s really worrisome that Congress may not pass funding or that there’s information circulating saying that states don’t need additional funding,” she said.

How is the service industry dealing with the return of coronavirus restrictions?

Without another round of something like the Paycheck Protection Program, which kept a lot of businesses afloat during the pandemic’s early stages, the outlook is bleak for places like restaurants. Some in the San Francisco Bay Area, for example, only got one week of indoor dining back before cases rose and restrictions went back into effect. Restaurant owners are revamping their business models in an effort to survive while waiting to see if they’ll be able to get more aid.

How are hospitals handling the nationwide surge in COVID-19 cases?

As the pandemic surges and more medical professionals themselves are coming down with COVID, nearly 1 in 5 hospitals in the country report having a critical shortage of staff, according to data from the Department of Health and Human Services. One of the knock-on effects of staff shortages is that people who have other medical needs are being asked to wait.

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