The pros and cons of extending additional unemployment benefits
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Expanded unemployment benefits are set to expire at the end of July. The Republican proposal in the Senate would cut those benefits from $600 a week to $200 until they can be adjusted this fall to 70% of a worker’s previous income.
There is a debate over the costs and benefits of expanded unemployment payments.
Deniz Kocak runs Turkuaz restaurant in the Midtown West area of Manhattan. As restaurants reopened there last month, she started calling her staff back to work, and some said no. They told her that unemployment was paying them more than what she would.
“On average, they are getting $800, $900 a week,” Kocak said. “Some of them didn’t even used to make that much per week.”
She said it complicated her reopening.
“We did get some [Paycheck Protection Program money] from the government, but part of that getting turned into a grant is reliant on part of it being used as payroll,” she said. “And of course, it’s very hard to get the people back.”
As the expiration date for benefits got closer, Kocak said, workers eventually came back. There’s a debate over how common Kocak’s situation is.
“Lots of workers in the economy are currently eligible for unemployment benefits that exceed their lost wages,” said Joseph Vavra, a professor at the University of Chicago’s Booth School of Business.
But he said it’s not clear how often that causes someone to not take a job. People value certainty, he said, and some workers may go back to work for health care, for example.
Vavra also said if an employer reports that it’s re-offered a job to a laid-off employee and that employee declined to come back because he or she makes more on unemployment, the worker is no longer eligible for benefits.
“To me, it seems less likely that a worker is going to refuse to go back to work in this very uncertain labor market,” Vavra said.
Heidi Shierholz, senior economist and director of policy at the Economic Policy Institute, said some amount of expanded unemployment benefits is a good idea beyond their current expiration date.
“Government spending on unemployment insurance benefits is one of the most, if not the most, effective things the federal government can do for stimulating the economy,” Shierholz said.
Unemployment benefits help the people who get them, but they also help the people and businesses that recipients spend the money with, preserving jobs in that way.
Marc Goldwein, senior vice president and senior policy director at the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, said unemployment benefits can’t stay so high indefinitely without potentially slowing a recovery, but now is not the time to make drastic cuts.
“Probably the smart thing to do is to unwind it slowly,” he said.
How slowly? That’s what’s being negotiated right now.
COVID-19 Economy FAQs
Are states ready to roll out COVID-19 vaccines?
Claire Hannan, executive director of the nonprofit Association of Immunization Managers, which represents state health officials, said states have been making good progress in their preparations. And we could have several vaccines pretty soon. But states still need more funding, she said. Hannan doesn’t think a lack of additional funding would hold up distribution initially, but it could cause problems down the road. “It’s really worrisome that Congress may not pass funding or that there’s information circulating saying that states don’t need additional funding,” she said.
How is the service industry dealing with the return of coronavirus restrictions?
Without another round of something like the Paycheck Protection Program, which kept a lot of businesses afloat during the pandemic’s early stages, the outlook is bleak for places like restaurants. Some in the San Francisco Bay Area, for example, only got one week of indoor dining back before cases rose and restrictions went back into effect. Restaurant owners are revamping their business models in an effort to survive while waiting to see if they’ll be able to get more aid.
How are hospitals handling the nationwide surge in COVID-19 cases?
As the pandemic surges and more medical professionals themselves are coming down with COVID, nearly 1 in 5 hospitals in the country report having a critical shortage of staff, according to data from the Department of Health and Human Services. One of the knock-on effects of staff shortages is that people who have other medical needs are being asked to wait.
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