The federal government steps into a regulatory issue long left to states to figure out, observers say.
E-bikes are particularly popular among food delivery workers, and an informal, underground economy has sprung up to support them.
Gig workers, like those who drive for Uber and deliver for DoorDash, occupy a murky position between employee and independent contractor as defined by labor laws.
Gig workers now have access to unemployment benefits as the economy has opened back up.
Because they are not considered employees, gig workers and their families often have fewer financial protections when they are hurt killed on the job.
The state is the latest to try and balance the appeal of flexible schedules for drivers while ensuring companies offer benefits like minimum pay and sick leave.
After more than a year and a half of working online, Seth Shulman is teaching lessons in person and back to a more regular show schedule.
Republican governors say the added federal benefits are discouraging people from taking jobs.
The Labor Department blocked a Trump-era change that would've made it easier to classify gig workers as independent contractors.