COVID-19

The good news? The economy added 1.4 million jobs in August. The bad news? The economy only added 1.4 million jobs in August.

Mitchell Hartman Sep 4, 2020
Heard on: Marketplace
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A barista making coffee at an Oklahoma cafe. While 1.4 million new jobs were added in August, employment gains are slowing. Johannes Eisele/AFP via Getty Images
COVID-19

The good news? The economy added 1.4 million jobs in August. The bad news? The economy only added 1.4 million jobs in August.

Mitchell Hartman Sep 4, 2020
A barista making coffee at an Oklahoma cafe. While 1.4 million new jobs were added in August, employment gains are slowing. Johannes Eisele/AFP via Getty Images
HTML EMBED:
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During the month of August, employers added more than a million jobs back to the economy — 1.37 million, to be precise. 

There were big gains in employment sectors that have been hit hard by the pandemic — professional and business services, retail, leisure and hospitality.

Three million people who were on temporary layoff came back to work, and that helped bring the unemployment rate from the double digits down to 8.4%.

Now, some caveats: About 238,000 of those “new” jobs represent temporary census workers who’ll be out of work again soon. The total also includes a lot of part-time jobs. And job growth is slowing from nearly 5 million a month back in June.

So what does all that tell us about the economy?

This economy has been through a lot since mid-March. About 15% of all the jobs in America evaporated in just a few weeks.

We’ve been clawing back jobs ever since.

“It was good; it wasn’t great,” said Brad McMillan, chief investment officer at Commonwealth Financial Network. “It says we’re continuing to make progress, but we also have a long way to go.”

Gaining 1.4 million jobs would be blockbuster in normal times. But economist Beth Akers at the Manhattan Institute said now, that number “may be giving the misimpression that we’re doing pretty well digging out of this hole. But the reality is that we’re only about halfway out.”

A little over 10 million of the 22 million jobs we’ve lost have come back, and job gains are slowing. Akers said this is really a tale of two recoveries.

“Employment levels for higher-income workers have almost come back to pre-crisis levels, whereas employment levels for low-wage workers remain significantly below where they were,” Akers said. “It’s also unclear when those workers will be able to get back to work.”

Jobs in bars and restaurants, for instance, are still down 25% from before the pandemic, which leaves a lot of workers out of the recovery so far.

Workers like Cody Sorensen. He’s 33 and worked as a server at an upscale Italian restaurant in West Hollywood, California, until mid-March. 

Sorensen’s on indefinite layoff. He’s still getting health benefits and a $400-a-week unemployment check. When that runs out?

“I mean, I’m just going to have to go find another job, or I’m just going to have to move, I guess, back home to Texas,” Sorensen said.

Where he hopes there’ll be less competition for any new jobs that come up.  

COVID-19 Economy FAQs

What’s going on with extra COVID-19 unemployment benefits?

It’s been weeks since President Donald Trump signed an executive memorandum that was supposed to get the federal government back into the business of topping up unemployment benefits, to $400 a week. Few states, however, are currently paying even part of the benefit that the president promised. And, it looks like, in most states, the maximum additional benefit unemployment recipients will be able to get is $300.

What’s the latest on evictions?

For millions of Americans, things are looking grim. Unemployment is high, and pandemic eviction moratoriums have expired in states across the country. And as many people already know, eviction is something that can haunt a person’s life for years. For instance, getting evicted can make it hard to rent again. And that can lead to spiraling poverty.

Which retailers are requiring that people wear masks when shopping? And how are they enforcing those rules?

Walmart, Target, Lowe’s, CVS, Home Depot, Costco — they all have policies that say shoppers are required to wear a mask. When an employee confronts a customer who refuses, the interaction can spin out of control, so many of these retailers are telling their workers to not enforce these mandates. But, just having them will actually get more people to wear masks.

You can find answers to more questions on unemployment benefits and COVID-19 here.

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