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Kai Ryssdal: Let us start talking about mortgages by relaying this grim fact that came out: RealtyTrac reported this morning foreclosure filings nationwide rose 71 percent last quarter over the same time last year. So, our Washington Bureau Chief John Dimsdale reports the Feds are working on an offer that lenders aren't going to be able to refuse.
The Federal Housing Administration already guarantees new loans to borrowers facing foreclosure. If the lender agrees to reduce the outstanding principal. But at a Senate Banking Committee hearing today, New York Democrat Charles Schumer told FDIC chairman Sheila Bair that's not working.
Charles Schumer: Do you have any hope for a voluntary model? I don't.
Sheila Bair: No, there needs to be a package of carrot and stick incentives. I agree with that.
For the carrot, Bair said she's working with the Treasury Department to offer mortgage lenders federal loan guarantees if they agree to easier terms for homeowners who can't afford their mortgage payments.
The aim is for loan servicers to offer homeowners more affordable and sustainable mortgages.
The stick is banks lose money on foreclosed properties. Bair says the FDIC has already helped 3,500 borrowers who held mortgages with the failed thrift IndyMac, which FDIC took over this year. Bair wants the reduction of mortgage payments to around a third of the family's monthly earnings to be a standard. Eric Halperin with the Center for Responsible Lending agrees a standard is necessary.
What we need is a program of mass modifications, that allow us to do modifications quickly. This individualized approach of voluntary actions by lenders doing modifications one at a time, simply can't keep up with the number of homes that are going into foreclosure.
The Wall Street Journal estimates the loan guarantees would cost $40 billion, and that would come out of the $700-billion bailout.
In Washington, I'm John Dimsdale for Marketplace.