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Ryan says private sector key to ending high poverty

Republican vice presidential candidate Rep. Paul Ryan (R-WI) speaks during a campaign rally at the Red Rocks Amphitheatre on October 23, 2012 in Morrison, Colo. Ryan said today businesses can grow jobs and private donations can displace the safety net.

Paul Ryan addressed poverty today in a speech at Cleveland State University in the swing state of Ohio. The Republican vice presidential candidate said the key to stopping poverty is a robust private sector that both employs people and serves the poor.

Paul Ryan said low-income Americans need access to good education, a strong safety net, "but above all else is the pressing need for jobs."

"Everyone agrees with that. I don't think that's a controversial statement," says Robert Greenstein, the executive director of the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. "When in the late 1990s, we had 4 percent unemployment, we had significant reductions in poverty."

The controversy starts when Ryan talks about what he calls the "the real debate:" whether the needs of the poor should be met by private groups or by the government.

Melissa Boteach, a poverty expert at the Center for American Progress, says private charities have always played a role, but "if the Romney/Ryan plan for nutrition assistance were to go into effect, every church in the United States would have to raise $50,000 a year for the next 10 years just to replace the food assistance that would be cut for families struggling to make it in this economy."

Boteach says safety net programs like food stamps are designed to expand during rough economic times, and that's when private sector donations dry up. But Nick Schulz, a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, says government benefits like food stamps need to be paid for -- and that means taxes.

"That's, then, money that businesses can't use to grow, and to grow the economy, or individuals can't use to give to their churches, to give to charitable organizations," says Schulz.

Paul Ryan, in his speech at Cleveland State University, said finding that balance between the private sector and government will require a bold departure from current policies.

About the author

Shereen Marisol Meraji is a reporter for Marketplace’s Wealth & Poverty Desk.
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Okay, I admit...
I listened to this story five times just because I love t0 hear Shereen Marisol Meraji say her name.

ok, i'll bite. first Romney goes out and disses the 47%, but then figures he needs their votes so he sends Ryan out to sweet talk the poor undecided women's vote ("isn't he so handsome and sweet?") with how he's going to incent the private sector to hire the same folks Romney despises (and which hedge funds love to cut). Can you spell disingenuous? And how many taxes are they going to cut and how much medicare are they going to cut to make this happen. This smells like Bush's medical prescription bill dressed in wolves clothing. The electorate needs to go out and listen to an old Who song ("We won't get fooled again!"). No excuses for not listening... it's on youtube.

Good day Ms. Meraji. Would you please expand on Melissa Boteach's statement about every church having to raise $50,000 to replace food assistance? My question is not whether her dollar estimate is correct but rather the effectiveness of the money given. In other words, $50,000 collected by a church might mean $60,000 worth of food given out to people in need because of, for example, the value added by church volunteers. On the other hand, $50,000 collected in taxes might actually mean $30,000 worth of food reaching the tables of needy families because of the administrative overhead in our federal government. This is a gross over-simplification and that is why I think a lot of people would like to hear some actual researched data on the subject. Thank you very much.

yes! and if Freedom Pulpit Sunday really works, the value of that money would be worth $100,000 because it wouldn't be taxed yet the chuch can use that money to back a political candidate and/or cause w/o the IRS chasing them down like they chase the 99% down for money. Geez, give me a break! Stop it already. Our family donates our taxed money to 2nd harvest food bank. It's not only churches that will have to increase their collections. And the food bank doesn't have a political agenda.

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