COVID-19

The unemployment rate spiked to 14.7% in April. It doesn’t fully capture COVID-19 job losses.

Mitchell Hartman May 8, 2020
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Unemployment numbers are likely missing people who aren't working in order to home-school or care for family. Above, a mom works while her son does schoolwork during the pandemic. Brendon Thorne/Getty Images
COVID-19

The unemployment rate spiked to 14.7% in April. It doesn’t fully capture COVID-19 job losses.

Mitchell Hartman May 8, 2020
Heard on:
Unemployment numbers are likely missing people who aren't working in order to home-school or care for family. Above, a mom works while her son does schoolwork during the pandemic. Brendon Thorne/Getty Images
HTML EMBED:
COPY

The Labor Department’s monthly employment report for April shows the jobless rate has soared to 14.7%, the highest level since the Great Depression. The U.S. lost 20.5 million jobs amid the coronavirus pandemic. Almost all the job growth achieved during the 11-year recovery from the Great Recession has now been lost in one month.

We also know that more than 33 million people have filed for jobless benefits since mid-March. And this April report does not include many of the most recent job losses. It also does not account for the entirety of unemployment resulting from the pandemic.

As bad as the numbers look, the April jobs report can’t capture the full scale of employment loss since the pandemic began, according to Erica Groshen, the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ chief economist in the Obama administration. 

“This is a shock unlike anything else we have sustained,” Groshen said. The official unemployment rate is likely not counting many who’ve lost their jobs, she added. 

That’s because the standard definition of an unemployed person is someone who hasn’t had paid work and has been actively looking for a job. But in the pandemic, millions have been laid off or left a job and aren’t hunting for a new one.

“People who say that for now, ‘I’m not working, and I’m not looking for work until I feel I can be safe out there,’” Groshen said. Also, the unemployment rate may not count people out of work caring for others in the pandemic, people “who maybe made the decision to stay home and home-school or take care of elderly relatives because they don’t want them endangered.”

And, it’s going to be hard to gauge exactly how much job loss is temporary — just until companies reopen and workers get called back. 

Joseph Brusuelas, chief economist at RSM, a consultancy, has been tracking jobless claims.

“Many of the initial claims were classified as furloughed, but are becoming permanently unemployed,” he said. Meanwhile, many who still have jobs, aren’t working or earning nearly as much as they used to, said Julia Pollak, a labor economist at ZipRecruiter.

“You can either be laid off, or you can take a 20, 30, 40, even 50% pay cut to keep your job,” Pollak said.

In a recent survey, ZipRecruiter found that about one in four job-seekers has had hours or earnings cut, or both. 

COVID-19 Economy FAQs

Millions of Americans are unemployed, but businesses say they are having trouble hiring. Why?

This economic crisis is unusual compared to traditional recessions, according to Daniel Zhao, senior economist with Glassdoor. “Many workers are still sitting out of the labor force because of health concerns or child care needs, and that makes it tough to find workers regardless of what you’re doing with wages or benefits,” Zhao said. “An extra dollar an hour isn’t going to make a cashier with preexisting conditions feel that it’s safe to return to work.” This can be seen in the restaurant industry: Some workers have quit or are reluctant to apply because of COVID-19 concerns, low pay, meager benefits and the stress that comes with a fast-paced, demanding job. Restaurants have been willing to offer signing bonuses and temporary wage increases. One McDonald’s is even paying people $50 just to interview.

Could waiving patents increase the global supply of COVID-19 vaccines?

India and South Africa have introduced a proposal to temporarily suspend patents on COVID-19 vaccines. Backers of the plan say it would increase the supply of vaccines around the world by allowing more countries to produce them. Skeptics say it’s not that simple. There’s now enough supply in the U.S that any adult who wants a shot should be able to get one soon. That reality is years away for most other countries. More than 100 countries have backed the proposal to temporarily waive COVID-19 vaccine patents. The U.S isn’t one of them, but the White House has said it’s considering the idea.

Can businesses deny you entry if you don’t have a vaccine passport?

As more Americans get vaccinated against COVID-19 and the economy continues reopening, some businesses are requiring proof of vaccination to enter their premises. The concept of a vaccine passport has raised ethical questions about data privacy and potential discrimination against the unvaccinated. However, legal experts say businesses have the right to deny entrance to those who can’t show proof.

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