COVID-19

Unemployment claims are soaring. Are the states ready for the onslaught?

Mitchell Hartman Mar 25, 2020
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Victor J. Blue/Getty Images
COVID-19

Unemployment claims are soaring. Are the states ready for the onslaught?

Mitchell Hartman Mar 25, 2020
Victor J. Blue/Getty Images
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Last Friday was Steve Banchero’s last day of work at David Kerr Violin Shop in Portland, Oregon, where he’s fixed instruments for 30 years. With music performances cancelled and business down, the shop has closed indefinitely.

Layoffs are skyrocketing across the country as COVID-19 spreads along with government instructions to stay home.

Those job losses will start showing up in a Labor Department report due tomorrow: the count of first-time claims for unemployment benefits from all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Predictions range from a million new claims — which would be astronomical — to more than 2.5 million. And that’s just for last week.

State unemployment insurance is the first-line safety net for laid-off workers. But many states have cut back since the Great Recession and cover fewer people and offer lower benefits. 

Congress, though, is coming to the rescue, promising to send states $1 billion in help with staffing and administration to deal with the onslaught of claims.

And the stimulus bill the Senate has now agreed to will reportedly provide an estimated $200 billion dollars in federal money to pay jobless benefits to workers laid off during the pandemic, workers like Banchero.

“We can do some work at home and we can do repairs, but it’s not exactly a telecommuting business,” he said.

David Kerr Violin Shop, where instrument-maker Steve Banchero has worked for 30 years, closed indefinitely last week. (Mitchell Hartman/Marketplace)

Banchero didn’t apply for unemployment right away. He had heard horror stories of the Oregon website crashing. He finally tried Tuesday night and after some initial glitches, got his claim filed.

Congress is sending money to the states to beef up staffing and administration. But many states make qualifying for and receiving benefits difficult, according to Michael Graetz, professor of tax law at Columbia Law School. Since the Great Recession, some states have reduced unemployment payments, and eight states no longer offer the standard 26 weeks of benefits.

“We’ve got poor and inadequate finance, very inadequate coverage,” Graetz said. “It’s just an archaic, ineffective system.”

The Senate’s new stimulus bill will send billions more to the states, said Michele Evermore, senior policy analyst at the National Employment Law Project.

“I think this will go a long way to smoothing the transition into the next recession,” she said.

It will pay benefits to workers staying at home to care for family members, plus the self-employed and independent contractors.

“This bill also will give everyone — whether they’re on the new pandemic unemployment assistance program or traditional unemployment insurance — an extra $600 dollars a week for four months,” Evermore said. “That increase is huge.”

Evermore says the goal is to replace workers’ pre-coronavirus paychecks and make sure people remain eligible for benefits without having to go out and look for work — the last thing they should be doing during a pandemic.

COVID-19 Economy FAQs

Which businesses are allowed to reopen right now? And which businesses are actually doing so?

As a patchwork of states start to reopen, businesses that fall into a gray area are wondering when they can reopen. In many places, salons are still shuttered. Bars are mostly closed, too, although restaurants may be allowed to ramp up, depending on the state. “It’s kind of all over the place,” said Elizabeth Milito of the National Federation of Independent Business.

Will you be able to go on vacation this summer?

There’s no chance that this summer will be a normal season for vacations either in the U.S. or internationally. But that doesn’t mean a trip will be impossible. People will just have to be smart about it. That could mean vacations closer to home, especially with gas prices so low. Air travel will be possible this summer, even if it is a very different experience than usual.

When does the expanded COVID-19 unemployment insurance run out?

The CARES Act, passed by Congress and signed by President Donald Trump in March, authorized extra unemployment payments, increasing the amount of money, and broadening who qualifies. The increased unemployment benefits have an expiration date — an extra $600 per week the act authorized ends on July 31.

You can find answers to more questions here.

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