It's a volatile indicator, but the trend has been downward.
Hire more workers or do less business — the options aren't great.
It's one more thing for a supply chain under unprecedented pressure.
Commuting expenses and training backlogs are just some of the problems compounding staffing shortages, union leader says.
The so-called "subminimum wage" program was created for employers that hire people with disabilities, but some say that practice should end.
Hiring too many workers — many of them part time — was an effort to avoid losing sales.
"What we've seen is consistent cargo flow," says Gene Seroka, executive director of the Port of Los Angeles.
"There really is not a staffing shortage per se," said National Nurses United president Deborah Burger. "There's a shortage of nurses willing to put their lives and their license and patients' lives at risk."
Just 10.3% of Americans belonged to unions in 2021, and the rate for private-sector employees was 6.1%.
An online geographic tracker from Cornell shows there were dozens of strikes that didn't make it into national headlines or government data.