COVID-19

Buy America order could worsen medical supply shortages, economists say

Nancy Marshall-Genzer May 12, 2020
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The Port of Los Angeles. The Buy America initiative may raise the price of medical supplies imported from China. Mario Tama/Getty Images
COVID-19

Buy America order could worsen medical supply shortages, economists say

Nancy Marshall-Genzer May 12, 2020
The Port of Los Angeles. The Buy America initiative may raise the price of medical supplies imported from China. Mario Tama/Getty Images
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More than 200 economists have signed a letter asking the Trump administration not to impose Buy America restrictions on medical supplies. The letter won’t be officially released until Wednesday, but we got an advance copy. The economists are worried that a new Buy America order would hurt American consumers.

White House trade adviser Peter Navarro has been talking about it for weeks now — an executive order that would require government agencies to only buy U.S.-made medical products. 

“Buy American is going to be the law of the land, I believe, soon — at HHS, at DOD, the Veterans Administration,” Navarro said on Fox News this month.

Navarro didn’t respond to request for comment, so it’s unclear exactly what the Trump administration has in mind. But the economists’ letter says a Buy America order could cause even more medical supply shortages. Bryan Riley, director of the Free Trade Initiative at the National Taxpayers Union, which spearheaded the letter campaign, said the executive order could apply to “anything that could be classified as personal protective equipment. From hand sanitizer to medical gowns.”

The letter says the order would also push up the cost of medical supplies and possibly drugs for consumers. Mary Lovely, professor of economics at Syracuse University, signed the letter. She said to just look at the prices of medical supplies from China that were, until recently, subject to 25% U.S. tariffs.

“On average, prices rose between 25 and 30%,” Lovely said.

But other economists, like Christine Ries, professor of economics at the Georgia Institute of Technology, would be OK with a Buy America order if it included price controls in exchange for subsidies or tax breaks.

“The company would have to certify that yes, this was Buy American and yes they were keeping the price at the same level as when China was supplying,” Ries said.

The Buy America debate isn’t limited to economists. There are reports of considerable disagreement at the White House over Navarro’s proposal.

COVID-19 Economy FAQs

When does the expanded COVID-19 unemployment insurance run out?

The CARES Act, passed by Congress and signed by President Donald Trump in March, authorized extra unemployment payments, increasing the amount of money, and broadening who qualifies. The increased unemployment benefits have an expiration date — an extra $600 per week the act authorized ends on July 31.

Which states are reopening?

Many states have started to relax the restrictions put in place in order to slow the spread of COVID-19. Although social-distancing measures still hold virtually everywhere in the country, more than half of states have started to phase out stay-at-home orders and phase in business reopenings. Others, like New York, are on slower timelines.

Is it worth applying for a job right now?

It never hurts to look, but as unemployment reaches levels last seen during the Great Depression and most available jobs are in places that carry risks like the supermarket or warehouses, it isn’t a bad idea to sit tight either, if you can.

You can find answers to more questions here.

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