Most Americans have access to the latest and greatest when it comes to technology, fashion and trends. Besides the pressure to ‘Keep up with Joneses,’ we often consume goods because it can make us feel better.
Dr. Ryan Howell, associate professor of psychology at San Francisco State University, studies the connection between money and happiness. His research tries to answer, “Can people spend their money to make themselves happier?” And yes, he says, money can buy happiness.
“Your discretionary money, if it’s spent on bringing you closer to your friends and family [or] if it’s spent building up psychological needs, it can make you happy,” Howell says.
Experiential purchases such as vacations, ball games, and concerts, offer a sense of happiness that, in hindsight, people say they don’t feel when purchasing material goods.
“What we find is when people spend money on life experiences as opposed to material items, they find their lives to be better, more fulfilling, more enjoyable, and ultimately they’re happier,” Howell says.
It’s not that material things provide zero happiness, but they lack the sustained happiness that experiences provide.
“You see an initial surge in happiness, what we might consider a ‘buy high’ that occurs really early on. But people literally say, sometimes as they’re walking out to the mall, that the enjoyment is gone.” Howell says. “Whereas the most amazing things about vacations and dining out and different types of services is that you build these memories that never decay and actually often get better with time.”
The reasons we tend to purchase material things over experiences may have to do with perceived value. Howell says that humans are pretty good at placing a value on clothes, cars, and electronics, but we have a harder evaluating experiences because we are essentially placing a value on memories.
One way to place a monetary value on a memory is to imagine being paid to rid your brain of that memory.
“Imagine that someone were to say to you, you can still have that meal, you can have the experience itself, but we’re going to wipe out the memory. Sometimes, and we hear people say this, for certain life events [the memory] is priceless.”
Think about all the times you’ve ever had buyer’s remorse. Was it a material purchase or was it an experiential purchase? Email us or Tweet at us @LiveMoney
If you’re a member of your local public radio station, we thank you — because your support helps those stations keep programs like Marketplace on the air. But for Marketplace to continue to grow, we need additional investment from those who care most about what we do: superfans like you.
Your donation — as little as $5 — helps us create more content that matters to you and your community, and to reach more people where they are – whether that’s radio, podcasts or online.
When you contribute directly to Marketplace, you become a partner in that mission: someone who understands that when we all get smarter, everybody wins.