Why Janet Yellen should worry about 6.7% unemployment
Unemployment is down to 6.7 percent.
Ordinarily, that should be cause for celebration: The number of people out of work is falling, and we’re getting close to the magic number of 6.5.
A 6.5 percent unemployment rate has become the signal for the Federal Reserve to start unwinding some of its extraordinary support for the economy.
But the people over at the Fed aren’t popping corks just yet. Remember the Fed’s dual mandate: to ensure maximum employment and stable prices (control of interest rates is No. 3). And while the unemployment number did indeed fall in December, very few jobs were created. As we’ve been hearing all day, this means that large numbers of people are dropping off the unemployment rolls. They’ve been out of work for so long, or there’s so little hoping of getting work, that they’ve given up looking.
And that’s a whole new headache for Janet Yellen. The unemployment rate was 7 percent in November. Having dropped to 6.7 percent in December, it’s not inconceivable that the rate could fall to 6.5 percent in January.
Per Ben Bernanke’s pledge, that should trigger the Fed to begin dismantling all the extraordinary support the economy has had up until now. But the fact that we’re not creating many jobs should give Yellen pause. This month’s number implies we’re creating a large and growing body of long-term unemployed, and the “jobless” number is providing a smokescreen for what amounts to a timebomb at the heart of the American economy.
Yellen needs to be careful: Raising interest rates and withdrawing support for the economy at this point could be the match that lights the fuse.
There’s a lot happening in the world. Through it all, Marketplace is here for you.
You rely on Marketplace to break down the world’s events and tell you how it affects you in a fact-based, approachable way. We rely on your financial support to keep making that possible.
Your donation today powers the independent journalism that you rely on. For just $5/month, you can help sustain Marketplace so we can keep reporting on the things that matter to you.