Tess Vigeland: Banks definitely were this year's primary financial bogeyman. Well, them -- and the Eurozone. Banks have taken heat for imposing all kinds of fees and they're still under fire for the whole housing mess.
Commentator Jesse Torres, the CEO of Pan American Bank in Los Angeles, has this defense of his industry.
Jesse Torres: During the early to middle part of the last decade the financial services industry worked feverishly to increase the rate of home ownership in the United States. The effort involved the entire industry - banks, credit unions, mortgage brokers, private investors, non profits, the Federal Reserve. And some would say it was successful. It resulted in an all-time high homeownership rate of nearly 70 percent in 2004.
The effort began with the best intention: Get as many qualified Americans as possible with a place to call their own. However, by the end of 2006 the number of qualified borrowers shrank. The financial industry sought ways to put to use the excess loan capacity that it had developed. The mortgage industry, not just the bankers, had created an animal that could not be satiated.
Today, consumers, credit unions, elected officials, nonprofits, and others are holding the banks solely responsible and wholly accountable for the ill effects brought upon a large portion of Americans. Many of these groups shared the limelight for boosting home ownership to record levels in the United States just a few years earlier.
U.S. banks are not denying their role in the mortgage mess. It would be fantasy to do so. And while there is a perception that banks are not willing to lend particularly during these difficult times, it is important to note that banks make their money by lending. As a result, it is in every bank's best interest to find as many qualified borrowers as possible and make these monies available to as many individuals as possible. We are not opposed to being part of the solution. We are opposed to being the only part of the solution.
Vigeland: Pan American Bank CEO Jesse Torres.