What we know about the next round of relief checks
As part of a new COVID-19 relief package, Democrats are pushing for Americans to receive a third round of stimulus payments.
The bill includes new checks, expanded unemployment benefits through August and health care subsidies for unemployed Americans, among other benefits.
Democrats and Republicans have disagreed over how much money Americans should receive and who should be eligible, although members from both parties have supported a third check in some form.
A new set of checks would provide much-needed relief to Americans as economic conditions remain bleak. There are 10 million fewer jobs than there were prior to the pandemic, while the unemployment rate stands at 6.4% (double the rate a year ago).
Here are the latest details about the next round of direct payments.
How much could you receive?
On Monday, House Democrats released a proposal for COVID-19 relief that would include distributing $1,400 checks to American households.
The income thresholds remain the same as the first two sets of payments. Individuals making up to $75,000 and couples making up to $150,000 will receive the full amount. However, payments will phase out more quickly compared to the previous checks, with payment amounts decreasing for individuals who make from $75,000 up to $100,000, and joint filers who make from $150,000 up to $200,000.
Ahead of Georgia’s runoff elections, Democrats campaigned on sending out $2,000 checks. That amount includes the $600 approved by Congress in December. The $1,400 payments proposed by Democrats is the remainder of the $2,000 total.
And if you didn’t receive the first two stimulus checks because your income was too high in 2018 and 2019, you’ll be eligible for those previous direct payments based on your 2020 income if you meet the requirements.
“Anybody who didn’t receive their initial stimulus payments should file a 2020 tax return in order to claim their payments from March and December last year,” Kris Cox, deputy director of federal tax policy at the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, told Marketplace.
What hurdles are left to getting them?
Lawmakers in both parties have opposed the eligibility requirements for the next round of stimulus, calling for lower income thresholds.
Sen. Susan Collins, a Republican from Maine, and Sen. Joe Manchin, a conservative Democrat from West Virginia, spearheaded a proposal that would phase out checks beginning at $50,000 for individuals and $100,000 for joint filers.
However, Democratic Sen. Bernie Sanders of Vermont has criticized these caps, tweeting that “telling a worker making $52,000 a year that they’re ‘too rich’ to get the full $2,000 in direct relief is totally absurd.”
And President Joe Biden supports keeping the same thresholds as the previous two payments.
John Hudak from the Brookings Institution said that while there’s been disagreement, he thinks the thresholds House Democrats have set (i.e., the full amount for individuals making $75,000 and joint filers making $150,000) will prevail.
“It’s going to be very difficult for Democrats to hand their new president a glaring defeat on his first major legislative effort,” said Hudak, who’s a deputy director at the institute’s Center for Effective Public Management.
Hudak added that Manchin’s situation is an “excellent” reason why this bill will ultimately pass. While the congressman isn’t going to support all aspects of it, Hudak pointed out that Manchin is from West Virginia — a state that’s economically hurting for reasons both related and unrelated to COVID-19.
“This is the type of relief that will really help the residents of West Virginia,” Hudak said. “And he knows that for him to stand up and cast a vote that ultimately would prevent that relief from going to any American, especially West Virginians, probably becomes too difficult of a vote for Joe Manchin to cast.”
When would you get them?
Democrats want to pass the entire COVID-19 relief package into law by mid-March. Hudak thinks that timeline is pretty optimistic, but not impossible.
But whenever the package is passed, Francine Lipman, a law professor at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, said she thinks you’ll get a payment within a couple of weeks if it’s based on your 2019 income.
According to Democrats’ plan, the payment would be based on either 2019 or 2020 income returns.
“The Treasury has gotten a lot better with these [checks]. If you can remember the first one, it did kind of take them some time,” Lipman said. “But the second one they sure did push out fast.”
However, Lipman said the payment may take a little longer if it’s based on 2020 income.
“Once your 2020 return is processed, then it might take a couple of weeks after that,” she noted.
We are also in tax season, but Lipman said she thinks the IRS will still try to speed up check distribution.
Will this be the end of stimulus checks during the crisis?
Hudak said he thinks everyone in Congress wants this to be the last round of stimulus checks.
“Republicans want it to be the last round because they’re sick of deficit spending — suddenly, again — and they just want this type of government support to be over,” he said. “Democrats want this to be the last round of checks because they want this to fix it.”
But this might not be the final payment, and Democrats understand that, he said.
“If this does not jump-start the economy, if something happens in the public health space that we don’t anticipate, or if something else happens economically related or unrelated to COVID, and we continue to slide in the recession, then there’s going to be a strong argument for another round of help,” Hudak said.
COVID-19 Economy FAQs
What’s the outlook for vaccine supply?
Chief executives of America’s COVID-19 vaccine makers promised in congressional testimony to deliver the doses promised to the U.S. government by summer. The projections of confidence come after months of supply chain challenges and companies falling short of year-end projections for 2020. What changed? In part, drugmakers that normally compete are now actually helping one another. This has helped solve several supply chain issues, but not all of them.
How has the pandemic changed scientific research?
Over the past year, while some scientists turned their attention to COVID-19 and creating vaccines to fight it, most others had to pause their research — and re-imagine how to do it. Social distancing, limited lab capacity — “It’s less fun, I have to say. Like, for me the big part of the science is discussing the science with other people, getting excited about projects,” said Isabella Rauch, an immunologist at Oregon Health & Science University in Portland. Funding is also a big question for many.
What happened to all of the hazard pay essential workers were getting at the beginning of the pandemic?
Almost a year ago, when the pandemic began, essential workers were hailed as heroes. Back then, many companies gave hazard pay, an extra $2 or so per hour, for coming in to work. That quietly went away for most of them last summer. Without federal action, it’s mostly been up to local governments to create programs and mandates. They’ve helped compensate front-line workers, but they haven’t been perfect. “The solutions are small. They’re piecemeal,” said Molly Kinder at the Brookings Institution’s Metropolitan Policy Program. “You’re seeing these innovative pop-ups because we have failed overall to do something systematically.”
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