Find the latest episode of "The Uncertain Hour" here. Listen
Pedro Pardo/AFP/Getty Images

The economics of the NBA “bubble”

Andy Uhler and Rose Conlon Jul 15, 2020
Heard on:
Pedro Pardo/AFP/Getty Images

When the NBA abruptly suspended its season in March because of the coronavirus pandemic, billions of dollars in TV contracts, corporate sponsorships and ticket sales were jeopardized. The plan for finishing the season in a “bubble” at Disney World in Orlando, Florida, will help the league recoup some of that money.

The NBA is set to restart on July 30, and players, support staff and the media covering those games are all currently under quarantine.

Marketplace’s Andy Uhler spoke to Joe Vardon, senior NBA writer for the Athletic, about how much the bubble — a controlled environment meant to prevent the spread of coronavirus— is costing the NBA, and why it’s probably money well spent.

Andy Uhler: Estimates have the NBA spending $150 million on this bubble, this isolated micro-economy. You’ve been there for a couple of days, you probably don’t know how everything goes down, but just give us a sense of how things work where you’re paying for things, how you’re getting stuff.

Joe Vardon: I have the number at closer to $170 million. And you’re talking about everything from the rooms at these three Disney resorts, catering, entertainment — and then there’s the matter of testing. The NBA is paying for, you’re talking about hundreds of tests every day by BioReference Labs. They take them every day and drive them back to the laboratory in Melbourne, Florida.

You asked me how we are paying for all this. It costs every reporter here $550 a day. You get three meals out of that, you get a room and you get a COVID test.

Uhler: This doesn’t seem like a whole lot of time to be spending that amount of money, but for the NBA and the brand, I imagine it’s worth that money. What is your take on that?

Vardon: Yeah, you’ve got to spend money to make money sometimes. And in this case, they had — in the short term, for this year — a billion-plus riding on this. They have to play the playoffs to get their playoff money from TV. And so they felt that the only way they could do this safely was in a bubble. And you’re going to have to pay somebody to create the bubble, either Vegas or Disney, and Disney is already a partner, paying the league for that playoff TV money. So it’s kind of confusing to figure out how the money changes hands, but that’s what it costs.

Uhler: The big money with this league and with a lot of leagues is that TV contract, right? Because you’re not going to sell any tickets. And you’re not going to have any folks sort of watching these games, you have to meet that contract obligation. And also for the sponsors as well, right?

Vardon: Absolutely. The whole system is set up on this idea that you’re gonna get $2.6 billion a year from TV. But you only get that money if you fulfill the contract. The TV networks, so we’re talking about Turner and Disney, continued to pay the league its scheduled payments on that contract even when there were no games being played. If, for whatever reason, the league has to shut this down before we get started on July 30, that money has to come back.

COVID-19 Economy FAQs

So what’s up with “Zoom fatigue”?

It’s a real thing. The science backs it up — there’s new research from Stanford University. So why is it that the technology can be so draining? Jeremy Bailenson with Stanford’s Virtual Human Interaction Lab puts it this way: “It’s like being in an elevator where everyone in the elevator stopped and looked right at us for the entire elevator ride at close-up.” Bailenson said turning off self-view and shrinking down the video window can make interactions feel more natural and less emotionally taxing.

How are Americans spending their money these days?

Economists are predicting that pent-up demand for certain goods and services is going to burst out all over as more people get vaccinated. A lot of people had to drastically change their spending in the pandemic because they lost jobs or had their hours cut. But at the same time, most consumers “are still feeling secure or optimistic about their finances,” according to Candace Corlett, president of WSL Strategic Retail, which regularly surveys shoppers. A lot of people enjoy browsing in stores, especially after months of forced online shopping. And another area expecting a post-pandemic boost: travel.

What happened to all of the hazard pay essential workers were getting at the beginning of the pandemic?

Almost a year ago, when the pandemic began, essential workers were hailed as heroes. Back then, many companies gave hazard pay, an extra $2 or so per hour, for coming in to work. That quietly went away for most of them last summer. Without federal action, it’s mostly been up to local governments to create programs and mandates. They’ve helped compensate front-line workers, but they haven’t been perfect. “The solutions are small. They’re piecemeal,” said Molly Kinder at the Brookings Institution’s Metropolitan Policy Program. “You’re seeing these innovative pop-ups because we have failed overall to do something systematically.”

Read More


Marketplace is on a mission.

We believe Main Street matters as much as Wall Street, economic news is made relevant and real through human stories, and a touch of humor helps enliven topics you might typically find…well, dull.

Through the signature style that only Marketplace can deliver, we’re on a mission to raise the economic intelligence of the country—but we don’t do it alone. We count on listeners and readers like you to keep this public service free and accessible to all. Will you become a partner in our mission today?

Your donation is critical to the future of public service journalism. Support our work today – for as little as $5 – and help us keep making people smarter.