This past summer was one of the hottest on record … for teenage jobs.
Whether that’s a good idea or not, could the pandemic be a turning point in reversing decades of declining teen employment?
Alonzo Solis owns several Tropical Smoothie Cafes in Cedar Park, Texas. Along with bananas and kale, he said that teenagers are an essential ingredient in his business.
“Honestly, without them, we’d have to close our doors,” Solis said.
Like many restaurant owners, he’s had a tough time staffing up, even after raising wages to $15 an hour, plus tips. So more than two-thirds of his workers are high schoolers, putting in 10 to 20 hours a week.
“We’re very flexible with their schedules,” Solis said. “You know, they’re balancing school, they’re balancing extracurricular activities.”
Twenty years ago, about half of teenagers worked. That rate has dropped steadily to about one-third of teenagers.
“What we’re likely seeing right now is a turning point in the way that teenagers see themselves fitting into the labor market,” said Luke Pardue, an economist with the payroll platform Gusto.
The share of teens working has dropped a bit since the summer, but Pardue said there are signs that that wasn’t just a blip. According to Gusto data, teens are already being hired for the holidays at double the rate of 2019.
“Teenagers have entered the labor force at a higher rate. And those higher rates are likely to persist for years to come as teenagers rethink whether they can work during school,” Pardue said.
But the trend isn’t necessarily positive if it hurts teens’ academics, said Lauren Bauer with the Brookings Institution. College enrollments dropped in 2021 just as the labor market heated up and more teens took jobs.
“Losing that investment in themselves at a very pivotal moment in their lives is going to have potentially long-term consequences,” Bauer said.
Because while wages at a smoothie bar seem great for a high school kid, jobs that don’t require some college generally pay a lot less in the long term.
There’s a lot happening in the world. Through it all, Marketplace is here for you.
You rely on Marketplace to break down the world’s events and tell you how it affects you in a fact-based, approachable way. We rely on your financial support to keep making that possible.
Your donation today powers the independent journalism that you rely on. For just $5/month, you can help sustain Marketplace so we can keep reporting on the things that matter to you.