Elections 2020

The presidential election is over. What does that mean for the economy?

Kai Ryssdal and Andie Corban Nov 11, 2020
Heard on: Marketplace
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President-elect Joe Biden Tuesday at The Queen theater in Wilmington, Delaware. Angela Weiss/Getty Images
Elections 2020

The presidential election is over. What does that mean for the economy?

Kai Ryssdal and Andie Corban Nov 11, 2020
President-elect Joe Biden Tuesday at The Queen theater in Wilmington, Delaware. Angela Weiss/Getty Images
HTML EMBED:
COPY

The uncertainty surrounding this year’s presidential election had some investors and watchers worried about what contested results could mean for the economy. In late October, “Marketplace” host Kai Ryssdal spoke with Wendy Edelberg, director of the Hamilton Project and a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, about how the election might affect the economy.

Now that a winner has been declared, Ryssdal spoke with Edelberg again about what might come next for this economy. The following is an edited transcript of their conversation.

Kai Ryssdal: Well, here we are in the future of which we spoke three and a half weeks ago. We have a winner in the presidential election, although the president and his party are refusing to admit that. I wonder, as you read the economic tea leaves now, how you’re feeling.

Wendy Edelberg: I’m certainly feeling better in that it looks like some of the worst outcomes that folks feared are off the table with regards to the immense uncertainty that we might be experiencing post-election. And some of the economic news that we’ve gotten, since we last spoke has been more positive. So that makes me feel better. But there’s, of course, still a lot of economic pain out there. And I still very much want policymakers to act with urgency to do more to support this economy.

Ryssdal: It will not come as news to you that politicians in Washington are not exhibiting that urgency. And in fact, to the degree that they’re talking about more relief for this economy, they are talking — at least Sen. Mitch McConnell is, who will in theory have the deciding vote in the Senate — he’s talking on the smaller end, rather than the larger.

Edelberg: What’s frustrating about these discussions about how large a package should be is that policymakers have it completely within their power to have the size of the package be hinged on the state of the economy. So they can set expansions and extensions of unemployment insurance benefits, for example, hinge on the state of the labor market, and have them draw down automatically as the labor market improves. So if both sides are in disagreement as to how strong the labor market is, that doesn’t mean that they can’t agree on a package, if they just make the package contingent on the labor market.

Ryssdal: What do you suppose this economy looks like if, and I’m sorry, to go back to the size thing again, but for as much as I value your expertise, I don’t see them actually doing the thing that you just talked about — about, you know, making it contingent upon the health of the economy. What happens in this economy, if a relief package is on the smaller size?

Edelberg: If it’s on the smaller side, and then they’re incredibly nimble, to be able to come back later and do something again if more is needed, then that isn’t the worst of all possible outcomes. But that’s probably not the world you anticipate either. If it’s too small, no, we’re in big trouble. We have 10 and a half million people who don’t have jobs who used to have jobs. That’s insanity. We have lost sight of what economic pain looks like. And with each passing week, the permanent scarring effects of this economic pain is going to get worse.

Ryssdal: Just to circle back to the thing you started with, which is that, you know, uncertainty is generally speaking down given the results of the election. Do you think the economy, and I understand that I’m anthropomorphizing here, but do you think the economy is doing what President-elect Biden is doing with what President Trump and Republicans are doing, which is in essence saying, nothing to see here, move along, everything’s gonna work out? Right, the economy’s just kind of cranking on.

Edelberg: I think that puts too much emphasis on the fact that there are really bad events that we worried about that look like they’re off the table. And yes, that should all make us breathe a sigh of relief. But when 10 and a half million people are without jobs and small business revenue is down 25%, that’s like hair-on-fire, screaming-down-the-street panic-inducing. Which I would argue — I do argue — is the opposite of nothing to see here.

COVID-19 Economy FAQs

Are states ready to roll out COVID-19 vaccines?

Claire Hannan, executive director of the nonprofit Association of Immunization Managers, which represents state health officials, said states have been making good progress in their preparations. And we could have several vaccines pretty soon. But states still need more funding, she said. Hannan doesn’t think a lack of additional funding would hold up distribution initially, but it could cause problems down the road. “It’s really worrisome that Congress may not pass funding or that there’s information circulating saying that states don’t need additional funding,” she said.

How is the service industry dealing with the return of coronavirus restrictions?

Without another round of something like the Paycheck Protection Program, which kept a lot of businesses afloat during the pandemic’s early stages, the outlook is bleak for places like restaurants. Some in the San Francisco Bay Area, for example, only got one week of indoor dining back before cases rose and restrictions went back into effect. Restaurant owners are revamping their business models in an effort to survive while waiting to see if they’ll be able to get more aid.

How are hospitals handling the nationwide surge in COVID-19 cases?

As the pandemic surges and more medical professionals themselves are coming down with COVID, nearly 1 in 5 hospitals in the country report having a critical shortage of staff, according to data from the Department of Health and Human Services. One of the knock-on effects of staff shortages is that people who have other medical needs are being asked to wait.

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