COVID-19

The changing labor market could affect hazard pay

Meghan McCarty Carino May 20, 2020
Heard on: Marketplace
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An Amazon employee at the company's Staten Island distribution facility. The giant retailer is phasing out its hazard pay. Spencer Platt/Getty Images
COVID-19

The changing labor market could affect hazard pay

Meghan McCarty Carino May 20, 2020
An Amazon employee at the company's Staten Island distribution facility. The giant retailer is phasing out its hazard pay. Spencer Platt/Getty Images
HTML EMBED:
COPY

Pay bumps for essential workers at companies like Amazon, Kroger and Rite Aid are getting rolled back this month, while Target is extending higher wages through July 4. The pay increases are often dubbed “hero pay” or hazard pay — a recognition that the work of grocery store clerks and warehouse pickers has taken on new dimensions of danger in the pandemic. Workers are fighting to keep their bonuses in place, saying that the danger hasn’t gone away. But the labor market could complicate demands for higher pay.

Before the pandemic, Camilo Gutierrez was a server at a Yard House restaurant in Miami. In late March, as lockdowns shut dining rooms, he had his hours cut to zero. He wasn’t really sure if he’d qualify for unemployment benefits.

“Rent was still due, my bills were still due,” he said. “So I tried looking online and saw that Amazon was hiring, and they just gave me the job.” He’s been working as a delivery driver for the past month. 

And there are millions more people in similar positions. Andrew Chamberlain, chief economist with the job site Glassdoor, said he’s seen a surge of interest in grocery, warehouse and delivery jobs from workers in hard-hit industries like hospitality.

“That weakens the pressure on employers to have to pay higher pay or hazard pay,” he said. “Definitely the more unemployed workers you see in the economy, the less bargaining power workers tend to have,” even though the jobs are considered risky.

Atif Siddiqi, CEO of the employee-benefit platform Branch, said a survey of hourly workers the company conducted in late March found most had lost hours or their jobs, but more than half were reluctant to apply for new work “because of fear of exposure and of safety concerns.”

According to the Branch survey, just 36% of hourly employees had applied or had plans to apply for a new job. But even a small share of the millions of unemployed is still a lot of willing people. 

Amazon and Walmart had no problem filling hundreds of thousands of new positions in just a matter of months.

But that was during the period those companies were offering more generous pay, said AnnElizabeth Konkel, an economist with job site Indeed, who’s been tracking searches for these essential jobs.

“There was an initial surge of job-seeker interest,” she said. “And then it really has dwindled off and is now lower than its pre-COVID-era rate.”

If lower wages bring a drop in applications or greater turnover for these jobs, she said there could be an opening to demand better pay despite high unemployment.

COVID-19 Economy FAQs

New COVID-19 cases and deaths in the U.S. are on the rise. How are Americans reacting?

Johns Hopkins University reports the seven-day average of new cases hit 68,767 on Sunday  — a record — eclipsing the previous record hit in late July during the second, summer wave of infection. A funny thing is happening with consumers though: Even as COVID-19 cases rise, Americans don’t appear to be shying away from stepping indoors to shop or eat or exercise. Morning Consult asked consumers how comfortable they feel going out to eat, to the shopping mall or on a vacation. And their willingness has been rising. Surveys find consumers’ attitudes vary by age and income, and by political affiliation, said Chris Jackson, who heads up polling at Ipsos.

How many people are flying? Has traveled picked up?

Flying is starting to recover to levels the airline industry hasn’t seen in months. The Transportation Security Administration announced on Oct. 19 that it’s screened more than 1 million passengers on a single day — its highest number since March 17. The TSA also screened more than 6 million passengers last week, its highest weekly volume since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. While travel is improving, the TSA announcement comes amid warnings that the U.S. is in the third wave of the coronavirus. There are now more than 8 million cases in the country, with more than 219,000 deaths.

How are Americans feeling about their finances?

Nearly half of all Americans would have trouble paying for an unexpected $250 bill and a third of Americans have less income than before the pandemic, according to the latest results of our Marketplace-Edison Poll. Also, 6 in 10 Americans think that race has at least some impact on an individual’s long-term financial situation, but Black respondents are much more likely to think that race has a big impact on a person’s long-term financial situation than white or Hispanic/Latinx respondents.

Find the rest of the poll results here, which cover how Americans have been faring financially about six months into the pandemic, race and equity within the workplace and some of the key issues Trump and Biden supporters are concerned about.

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