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COVID-19

Will hospitals run out of protective gear again as cases rise?

Marielle Segarra Jun 29, 2020
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Medical personnel administer a COVID-19 test in West Palm Beach, Florida. As cases begin to rise again, the United States might have an easier time securing personal protective equipment. Chandan Khanna/AFP via Getty Images
COVID-19

Will hospitals run out of protective gear again as cases rise?

Marielle Segarra Jun 29, 2020
Heard on:
Medical personnel administer a COVID-19 test in West Palm Beach, Florida. As cases begin to rise again, the United States might have an easier time securing personal protective equipment. Chandan Khanna/AFP via Getty Images
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As virus cases surge in Arizona, Florida, Texas and California, hospitals are beginning to be overwhelmed with patients. Other parts of the country have been there — and we all saw what happened.

Health care workers did not have enough protective equipment. They had to reuse masks for days, carrying them home in brown paper bags labeled with their names. Some ended up wearing trash bags in place of surgical gowns.

Cindy Zolnierek, CEO of the Texas Nurses Association, said health care workers in Texas saw the dire shortages of protective equipment in other places. Now, Zolnierek said, they’re wondering, “will we be faced with what New York saw, what Michigan saw, what we saw occur in Europe?”

Three months after hospitals faced the most severe shortages, things have started to get better.

For instance, 3M, which makes N95 masks, has doubled its production to make more than a billion of them a year. But it said the demand for masks still exceeds supply.

“The spike in demand is really, really massive,” said Dan Hearsch, a managing director at AlixPartners.

His wife is a nurse in Detroit, one of the cities that was hit hardest in the spring.

“In the heat of COVID, at least here in Detroit, it was 15, 20 times a day that nurses would have to put on a new mask, a new gown,” Hearsch said.

It’s especially hard to meet the need for N95 masks; they’re made with a special kind of fabric.

“In terms of the really good-quality N95 masks, there’s a bottleneck because you can’t just set up a new company and start selling those things. It’s months of regulation,” said Lloyd Armbrust, who started a manufacturing company in Texas that makes surgical masks and can make N95s, but hasn’t received approval yet.

But some people are optimistic that health care workers will have enough protective equipment this time.

Steven A. Melnyk, who teaches supply chain management at Michigan State University, said that’s partly because other countries have flattened the curve.

“If you take a look at the [European Union], if you take a look at Canada, if you take a look at other countries, Australia, for example, you’ll see that they’re on the downside significantly,” Melnyk said.

That means less competition for protective gear.

COVID-19 Economy FAQs

So what’s up with “Zoom fatigue”?

It’s a real thing. The science backs it up — there’s new research from Stanford University. So why is it that the technology can be so draining? Jeremy Bailenson with Stanford’s Virtual Human Interaction Lab puts it this way: “It’s like being in an elevator where everyone in the elevator stopped and looked right at us for the entire elevator ride at close-up.” Bailenson said turning off self-view and shrinking down the video window can make interactions feel more natural and less emotionally taxing.

How are Americans spending their money these days?

Economists are predicting that pent-up demand for certain goods and services is going to burst out all over as more people get vaccinated. A lot of people had to drastically change their spending in the pandemic because they lost jobs or had their hours cut. But at the same time, most consumers “are still feeling secure or optimistic about their finances,” according to Candace Corlett, president of WSL Strategic Retail, which regularly surveys shoppers. A lot of people enjoy browsing in stores, especially after months of forced online shopping. And another area expecting a post-pandemic boost: travel.

What happened to all of the hazard pay essential workers were getting at the beginning of the pandemic?

Almost a year ago, when the pandemic began, essential workers were hailed as heroes. Back then, many companies gave hazard pay, an extra $2 or so per hour, for coming in to work. That quietly went away for most of them last summer. Without federal action, it’s mostly been up to local governments to create programs and mandates. They’ve helped compensate front-line workers, but they haven’t been perfect. “The solutions are small. They’re piecemeal,” said Molly Kinder at the Brookings Institution’s Metropolitan Policy Program. “You’re seeing these innovative pop-ups because we have failed overall to do something systematically.”

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