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COVID-19

A Shanghai postcard: life after the COVID-19 economic shutdown

Jennifer Pak Apr 27, 2020
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Marketplace's Jennifer Pak on a hike three hours outside of Shanghai. Before departing, she had to make sure she could return to the city without being quarantined. Jennifer Pak/Marketplace
COVID-19

A Shanghai postcard: life after the COVID-19 economic shutdown

Jennifer Pak Apr 27, 2020
Marketplace's Jennifer Pak on a hike three hours outside of Shanghai. Before departing, she had to make sure she could return to the city without being quarantined. Jennifer Pak/Marketplace
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The Chinese financial capital, Shanghai, has officially been back at work since Feb. 10, after a near economic shutdown due to the COVID-19 virus pandemic. Not everything, however, is 100% back to normal.

Cars, bicycles, pedestrians and traffic jams have returned to Shanghai’s streets. My morning commute is not as lonely these days. During off-peak hours, there are now more than just a handful of people riding on the bus. It has been that way for the past couple of weeks.

On one commute, an elderly man across the aisle from me played a TV series on his smart tablet at full volume.

People are once again blasting videos, music or even singing out loud in public.

A man wears a face mask only covering his mouth and not his nose. Shanghai residents are taking a more relaxed attitude about virus prevention. (Charles Zhang/Marketplace)
A man wears only a face mask, covering his mouth and not his nose. Shanghai residents are taking a more relaxed attitude toward virus prevention. (Charles Zhang/Marketplace)

Still, there are reminders that the coronavirus continues to pose a threat. On every commute, all the windows are open. The stiff April wind blasts through the bus. Good ventilation is part of the central government’s measures to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

I have been sitting in icy buses, offices and restaurants all through the wet and chilly Shanghai winter.

Notice in front of a Shanghai restaurant: "For your safety and others, please wear a mask when entering. This shop has been disinfected." (Jennifer Pak/Marketplace)
A notice in front of a Shanghai restaurant reads: “For your safety and the safety of others, please wear a mask when entering. This shop has been disinfected.” (Jennifer Pak/Marketplace)

Face masks are still required before entering malls and office blocks or getting on public transport. However, virus prevention measures, such as fever checks at entrances, have gone from about half a dozen a day to sometimes none.

Front entrance of Marketplace's Shanghai office block has been closed, forcing people to go through the same side entrance and undergo checks. (Jennifer Pak/Marketplace)
The front entrance of Marketplace’s Shanghai office block has been closed, forcing people to go through the side entrance and undergo checks. (Jennifer Pak/Marketplace)
A security guard is stationed at an entrance to check people for fever before entering though in recent weeks the measures have relaxed. (Charles Zhang/Marketplace)
A security guard is stationed at an entrance to check people for fever before entering, though in recent weeks, the measures have been relaxed. (Charles Zhang/Marketplace)

In parts of Shanghai, social distancing seems like a thing of the past.            

On a public square in the suburb of Baoshan district, retired men and women dance to pulsing techno music playing from a portable loudspeaker. This is how a lot of elderly people, who live in tiny apartments, get their daily exercise.

Dancing on public squares, a national past time among China's retired folks, has re-started again, much to the delight of residents. (Charles Zhang/Marketplace)
Dancing in public squares, a national pastime among China’s retired folks, has restarted again, much to the delight of residents. (Charles Zhang/Marketplace)

Restaurants still in business have full patios on sunny weekends, although weekdays are still tough.

During lunch at a Thai restaurant, a server refills my water cup without asking. Shanghai’s service has always been among the best in China, but lately, restaurant staff seem to be extra attentive.

After the meal, a server at the Thai restaurant said if the food was good, I should leave a review on the Dianping app, which is similar to Yelp. In exchange, he said he would give me a free dessert.

He did not check if I had posted a review before setting down the coconut sago pudding in front of me.

Free coconut sago pudding dessert offered by the restaurant in exchange for a good review on an influential app Dianping. Businesses are struggling to stay afloat. (Jennifer Pak/Marketplace)
A free coconut sago pudding dessert offered by the restaurant in exchange for a good review online. These perks are one of the ways restaurants are trying to stay afloat. (Jennifer Pak/Marketplace)

Businesses have the added pressure of being punished if they do not screen for coronavirus carriers.

Some depend on a city health app that assigns residents a color QR code: green, yellow or red.

Mine is green, which essentially means I’m coronavirus-free and can move about as I like.

The app states that it uses government data to assess our health, but it doesn’t specify which data exactly.

At a shopping mall in the trendy Xintiandi district, I show my green QR code before the security guard will take my temperature. Once he is sure I don’t have a fever, I am allowed in.

However, not all places will accept the health QR code.

At one restaurant close to the Marketplace Shanghai bureau, I’m not allowed to dine in unless I scan a QR code that connects to my telecom company. Once I receive a message indicating I’ve not left Shanghai in the last two weeks, a server squeezes a glob of hand sanitizer onto my hands before seating me at a table.

The Shanghai subway system has a separate QR code on each train, where I scan to input my contact details. Registration is voluntary, for now.

In theory, Chinese people who are not sick and are comfortable handing over a lot of personal information can travel freely around China.

That is not true for all foreigners. Some African residents have complained that they have been forced into quarantine despite testing negative for the coronavirus.

China’s state-run media earlier this month reported that a Nigerian national who tested positive for coronavirus and placed under quarantine had attacked a Chinese nurse. The Chinese health commission began widespread testing of African nationals. The U.S. State Department has advised African Americans against visiting Guangzhou city, where discrimination has been reported.

China denies any racist policies.

“During our fight against the coronavirus, the Chinese government has been attaching great important to the life and health of foreign nationals in China. All foreigners are treated equally,” Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian said in mid-April. “China and Africa are good friends, partners and brothers. … We will never discriminate our African brothers.”

Buses and subway carts in Shanghai are packed once again during rush hour. (A man wears a face mask only covering his mouth and not his nose. Shanghai residents are taking a more relaxed attitude about virus prevention. (Charles Zhang/Marketplace)
Buses and subway carts in Shanghai are packed once again during rush hour. (Charles Zhang/Marketplace)

However, Chinese state-run media has honed in on the fact that new coronavirus cases are mostly imported, even though a lot of those cases include Chinese nationals returning from abroad. Now that the pandemic is becoming worse abroad, foreigners, no matter where they are from, have reported being turned away from restaurants, shops and hotels.

Before I leave Shanghai, I need to answer these questions: Will my destination city allow me in? Will a hotel there accept foreigners? Will I be allowed back into Shanghai without being quarantined?

China has also temporarily shut its borders to outsiders since March 28.

Even with a valid work visa, I will not be allowed back in if I leave the country now.

So, I’m staying put in Shanghai.

Additional reporting by Charles Zhang

COVID-19 Economy FAQs

What do I need to know about tax season this year?

Glad you asked! We have a whole separate FAQ section on that. Some quick hits: The deadline has been extended from April 15 to May 17 for individuals. Also, millions of people received unemployment benefits in 2020 — up to $10,200 of which will now be tax-free for those with an adjusted gross income of less than $150,000. And, for those who filed before the American Rescue Plan passed, simply put, you do not need to file an amended return at the moment. Find answers to the rest of your questions here.

How long will it be until the economy is back to normal?

It feels like things are getting better, more and more people getting vaccinated, more businesses opening, but we’re not entirely out of the woods. To illustrate: two recent pieces of news from the Centers for Disease Control. Item 1: The CDC is extending its tenant eviction moratorium to June 30. Item 2: The cruise industry didn’t get what it wanted — restrictions on sailing from U.S. ports will stay in place until November. Very different issues with different stakes, but both point to the fact that the CDC thinks we still have a ways to go before the pandemic is over, according to Dr. Philip Landrigan, who used to work at the CDC and now teaches at Boston College.

How are those COVID relief payments affecting consumers?

Payments started going out within days of President Joe Biden signing the American Rescue Plan, and that’s been a big shot in the arm for consumers, said John Leer at Morning Consult, which polls Americans every day. “Consumer confidence is really on a tear. They are growing more confident at a faster rate than they have following the prior two stimulus packages.” Leer said this time around the checks are bigger and they’re getting out faster. Now, rising confidence is likely to spark more consumer spending. But Lisa Rowan at Forbes Advisor said it’s not clear how much or how fast.

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