Paycheck Protection Program loans have been a lifeline — for some businesses

Justin Ho Nov 11, 2020
Heard on: Marketplace
PPP loans helped keep some businesses afloat, but restaurants and bars are still struggling — especially as COVID-19 cases rise. Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Paycheck Protection Program loans have been a lifeline — for some businesses

Justin Ho Nov 11, 2020
PPP loans helped keep some businesses afloat, but restaurants and bars are still struggling — especially as COVID-19 cases rise. Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Back in April, optometrist David McBride had to shut down his vision clinic in Portland, Oregon, for seven weeks. When it reopened, patients came back — but McBride couldn’t bill them for another 45 days.

“We were paying staff, with really no revenue coming in, because we had seven weeks of no billing,” McBride said.

But by then, McBride had received a $54,000 Paycheck Protection Program loan. That money helped him pay staff and make rent after the clinic reopened.

“It was a lifeline for us, as we started getting up and running again,” McBride said. “It would have been difficult to get where we’re at right now without that little influx of capital.”

It’s been seven months since businesses started applying for PPP loans — one of the main legs of the federal government’s attempt to save the economy as the COVID-19 pandemic struck. Those loans helped many businesses survive through lockdowns and rebuild once the economy started to open up again.

McBride said about 70% of his business has returned. His next step is getting his loan forgiven, which was the part of the original plan for the program. 

He said he’s confident that his business meets the requirements for forgiveness, but he hasn’t applied yet. Businesses that borrowed $50,000 or less can use a simpler forgiveness form, though McBride’s loan is just above that threshold. And those rules could always change. In the meantime, many business advocates have been calling for automatic forgiveness on loans less than $150,000. 

“I’m just hoping for a general forgiveness, so I don’t have to do any more paperwork,” McBride said.

His accountant, Lorilyn Wilson, said she’s been telling many of her clients to wait and see if Congress will make the process any easier.

“People are just like ‘Can I apply now? … Is it deductible? Is it simple?’” Wilson said.

Not all PPP recipients have been as lucky. Wilson says some of her clients, including restaurant and bar owners, are still struggling — especially now that COVID-19 cases are on the rise.

“In terms of keeping their doors open, the PPP loan forgiveness has taken a back seat to that,” Wilson said.

And for some PPP recipients, keeping the doors open just hasn’t been possible.

“The PPP loan was something that gave us a runway, but it didn’t solve the problem,” said Emmeline Zhao, a partner at the Manhattan-based Little Tong Noodle Shop. “It couldn’t control for the fact that consumers just weren’t purchasing or going out.”

Most offices near the Midtown restaurant are still closed. Zhao’s PPP loan helped the restaurant reopen in May, but a few months later, Zhao started to realize that the numbers just weren’t adding up.

“That’s just the very, very difficult conclusion that you have to come to,” Zhao said. “That if you can’t cover overhead, then, unfortunately, the business has to shutter.”

Last month, the restaurant’s PPP money ran dry, and Little Tong Noodle Shop shut its doors for good. 

“It’s the circle of life, and we can’t be upset about it, because we just figure out how to come out of this stronger,” Zhao said.

Zhao is hopeful the restaurant will reopen at some point in the future, but she doesn’t see that happening for at least another year.

COVID-19 Economy FAQs

Are states ready to roll out COVID-19 vaccines?

Claire Hannan, executive director of the nonprofit Association of Immunization Managers, which represents state health officials, said states have been making good progress in their preparations. And we could have several vaccines pretty soon. But states still need more funding, she said. Hannan doesn’t think a lack of additional funding would hold up distribution initially, but it could cause problems down the road. “It’s really worrisome that Congress may not pass funding or that there’s information circulating saying that states don’t need additional funding,” she said.

How is the service industry dealing with the return of coronavirus restrictions?

Without another round of something like the Paycheck Protection Program, which kept a lot of businesses afloat during the pandemic’s early stages, the outlook is bleak for places like restaurants. Some in the San Francisco Bay Area, for example, only got one week of indoor dining back before cases rose and restrictions went back into effect. Restaurant owners are revamping their business models in an effort to survive while waiting to see if they’ll be able to get more aid.

How are hospitals handling the nationwide surge in COVID-19 cases?

As the pandemic surges and more medical professionals themselves are coming down with COVID, nearly 1 in 5 hospitals in the country report having a critical shortage of staff, according to data from the Department of Health and Human Services. One of the knock-on effects of staff shortages is that people who have other medical needs are being asked to wait.

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