The U.S. dollar is at a 2½-year low. In other words, it’s slipping in the global popularity contest among investors. This slump is pandemic-related.
Investors use the U.S. dollar as a safety blanket when there’s a crisis and they’re scared. They pile their money in from around the world, and the value of the dollar goes up. This happened early in the pandemic. But with three solid vaccines on the horizon, investors aren’t so scared anymore.
“These safe havens are less attractive, and people are willing to take on more risk,” said Scott Wren, senior global market strategist with the Wells Fargo Investment Institute. Investors are sniffing around other countries and other currencies. That’s the charitable explanation. The other thing going on here is that the U.S. dollar is less attractive because the U.S. itself is less attractive.
“The overarching reason is that the U.S. simply hasn’t done a good job controlling the virus,” said Win Thin, global head of currency strategy at Brown Brothers Harriman.
“If you look at China, Korea, Taiwan [or] Singapore, they’ve all done an incredible job at controlling the virus,” Thin said. “You could throw New Zealand in there as well.”
Thin said investors have been drawn to those countries — and those currencies — because their economies are up and running and they’re expected to outperform. Meanwhile, the U.S. keeps breaking infection records and is headed for more shutdowns. In normal times, one might be concerned that a falling dollar would increase inflation by making imports more expensive. Ian Shepherdson, chief economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics, said that’s not really an issue right now.
“There’s so little danger of imported inflation for goods prices right now because goods are in global oversupply,” he said.
And a falling dollar is good for U.S. exporters, even if it is in part a macroeconomic indictment of the country’s management of the coronavirus.
COVID-19 Economy FAQs
What are the details of President Joe Biden’s coronavirus relief plan?
The $1.9 trillion plan would aim to speed up the vaccine rollout and provide financial help to individuals, states and local governments and businesses. Called the “American Rescue Plan,” the legislative proposal would meet Biden’s goal of administering 100 million vaccines by the 100th day of his administration, while advancing his objective of reopening most schools by the spring. It would also include $1,400 checks for most Americans. Get the rest of the specifics here.
What kind of help can small businesses get right now?
A new round of Paycheck Protection Program loans recently became available for pandemic-ravaged businesses. These loans don’t have to be paid back if rules are met. Right now, loans are open for first-time applicants. And the application has to go through community banking organizations — no big banks, for now, at least. This rollout is designed to help business owners who couldn’t get a PPP loan before.
What does the hiring situation in the U.S. look like as we enter the new year?
New data on job openings and postings provide a glimpse of what to expect in the job market in the coming weeks and months. This time of year typically sees a spike in hiring and job-search activity, says Jill Chapman with Insperity, a recruiting services firm. But that kind of optimistic planning for the future isn’t really the vibe these days. Job postings have been lagging on the job search site Indeed. Listings were down about 11% in December compared to a year earlier.
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