Battered by Brexit, British companies now grapple with something worse

Stephen Beard Apr 15, 2020
A passenger on the London Underground wears a surgical mask. The virus threat poses unprecedented problems for British businesses. Ming Yeung/Getty Images

Battered by Brexit, British companies now grapple with something worse

Stephen Beard Apr 15, 2020
A passenger on the London Underground wears a surgical mask. The virus threat poses unprecedented problems for British businesses. Ming Yeung/Getty Images

The past year has been a particularly anxious time for many British businesses. The uncertainties of Brexit have been a major worry, and for companies that export to the U.S., the threat of American tariffs has been another source of concern. But all that pales into insignificance alongside the coronavirus pandemic. 

Marketplace revisited a couple of small businesses, featured earlier on the show, to find out how they’ve been coping with the latest crisis.

As a cheese monger based at London’s Borough Market, Dominic Coyte is classed as a key worker and so is free to ply his wares. But his staff of 15 just didn’t feel safe mingling with the public.

Dominic Coyte of the Borough Market Cheese Co ( Credit Dominic Coyte )

“I wanted us to carry on as much as we could,” Coyte said. “but the decision was taken to furlough all the staff. And that’s what the staff wanted. One hundred percent said: ‘We want to be furloughed.’ ”

 Staff members have been temporarily laid off with the government paying 80% of their wages. Meanwhile, Coyte struggles on, manning a small stall in a Saturday market, selling some cheese online and generating a trickle of revenue, equal to only 10% of his usual retail income.

Brexit was bad enough for his cheese company, which imports much of its product from continental Europe. The 2016 vote to leave the European Union triggered a sharp fall in the British pound, making imports much more expensive and eating into his profit.  

“It seems like we’ve had crisis after crisis in the last four or five years with Brexit and now the coronavirus,” Coyte said ruefully. “It seems like a lot of effort just to survive. “

Bolstered by a large, government-backed bank loan, he reckons his company can survive so long as business is back to normal by the fall.

More than 100 miles north of London, Clevedon Fasteners, a small engineering company, is also struggling. Before the virus struck, the company was making more than 30 million rivets a month, exporting to 38 countries and employing 40 workers. Today the factory is shuttered.

Steve Hardeman of Clevedon Fasteners ( credit Mimisse Beard)

“We thought we could ride out the storm,” said Clevedon Managing Director Steve Hardeman. “But our subcontractors — the heat treaters, platers and toolmakers who finish our products — shut down, and we really couldn’t carry on.”

His 15 office staff are now working on full pay from home, dealing with administrative duties and processing the small number of orders they’re still getting. He’s furloughed his 25 factory workers and is topping up their  80% wage-support payment from the government.

“It’d be very unfair if people in manufacturing who can’t work from home  only got 80% of their income when all the office staff are getting 100%,” Hardeman explained.

But this can’t go on for long. Hardeman says that if the lockdown stretches beyond the summer, his company will be finished, and it won’t be the only one. U.K. Inc. — or U.K. PLC, as the Brits put it — is already in deep trouble. 

“If this isn’t sorted and people aren’t back to work within three months, it won’t only be Clevedon. It will be U.K. PLC that goes bust,” Hardeman warned.  

The damage is already unprecedented in modern times. According to one survey, some 20% of British companies have furloughed their entire staff or intend to do so. A further 17% are planning to furlough at least three-quarters of their workers. Nine million Brits — more than a quarter of the workforce — could be out of work.

The Cabinet will review the lockdown Thursday.

COVID-19 Economy FAQs

How many people are flying? Has traveled picked up?

Flying is starting to recover to levels the airline industry hasn’t seen in months. The Transportation Security Administration announced on Oct. 19 that it’s screened more than 1 million passengers on a single day — its highest number since March 17. The TSA also screened more than 6 million passengers last week, its highest weekly volume since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. While travel is improving, the TSA announcement comes amid warnings that the U.S. is in the third wave of the coronavirus. There are now more than 8 million cases in the country, with more than 219,000 deaths.

How are Americans feeling about their finances?

Nearly half of all Americans would have trouble paying for an unexpected $250 bill and a third of Americans have less income than before the pandemic, according to the latest results of our Marketplace-Edison Poll. Also, 6 in 10 Americans think that race has at least some impact on an individual’s long-term financial situation, but Black respondents are much more likely to think that race has a big impact on a person’s long-term financial situation than white or Hispanic/Latinx respondents.

Find the rest of the poll results here, which cover how Americans have been faring financially about six months into the pandemic, race and equity within the workplace and some of the key issues Trump and Biden supporters are concerned about.

What’s going to happen to retailers, especially with the holiday shopping season approaching?

A report out recently from the accounting consultancy BDO USA said 29 big retailers filed for bankruptcy protection through August. And if bankruptcies continue at that pace, the number could rival the bankruptcies of 2010, after the Great Recession. For retailers, the last three months of this year will be even more critical than usual for their survival as they look for some hope around the holidays.

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