Never mind welfare to work. Today’s world for low-wage earners is welfare and work. A new study from the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education finds that three out of four Americans who rely on aid programs like food stamps or Medicaid are members of working families.
The Center’s Ken Jacobs says for those at the bottom, wages alone don’t cut it. “You go back for the last 25 years, and real wages have actually declined since 1979,” Jacobs says. “At the same time we’ve seen a decline in the share of workers with job-based health coverage.”
So, many lean on the safety net to supplement their paychecks. The study finds that about half the workers in fast food, child care, and home healthcare live this reality.
This does not surprise social work scholar Luke Shaefer at the University of Michigan. He says welfare changes in the 1990s explicitly made a link between welfare to work.
“This is a direct, and you might even say, intended, result of policy decisions that were made,” Shaefer says. “You can think of the welfare reform of 1996 as the stick: there’s going to be less aid if you’re not working.”
If you’re a member of your local public radio station, we thank you — because your support helps those stations keep programs like Marketplace on the air. But for Marketplace to continue to grow, we need additional investment from those who care most about what we do: superfans like you.
Your donation — as little as $5 — helps us create more content that matters to you and your community, and to reach more people where they are – whether that’s radio, podcasts or online.
When you contribute directly to Marketplace, you become a partner in that mission: someone who understands that when we all get smarter, everybody wins.
make public service
Thank you for doing your part!