Will U.S. debt crisis crush our economy?

Bob Moon Jul 5, 2011

Will U.S. debt crisis crush our economy?

Bob Moon Jul 5, 2011

Kai Ryssdal: Senate Republicans and President Obama made dueling appearances before reporters late this afternoon. They were talking debt limit, who’s to blame, how much their side was willing to give — all very much in the vein of he said, he said. Maybe it’s just political posturing, maybe it’s not.

Because there’ve been warnings aplenty of financial apocalypse if the debt ceiling isn’t raised in time. In time, specifically, to head off a market panic. So leaving out the four horsemen for the moment, what might the warning signs be that such an apocalypse is upon us? Here’s our senior business correspondent Bob Moon.

Bob Moon: So far the markets seem to be taking the dire predictions in stride. Reflecting that “what-me-worry” attitude, a Washington Times columnist mocked the string of deadlines from the Treasury Department, suggesting it’s sounding a lot like “Barbra Streisand farewell tour announcements.”

Barbra Steisand singing “The Way We Were”: Tell me, would we, could we?

Good question: What might the first indicators be of an impending financial “apocalypse”? At Smith Moore and Company, analyst Julie Niemann would expect a sudden plunge in stocks, especially the most vulnerable.

Juli Niemann: If it does happen, then it’s Katy bar the door, because you will have financial hysteria. The financials — meaning the banks, the insurance companies, the brokerage firms — you’ll see those prices plunge.

At the University of Maryland, economist Peter Morici says interest rates would surge as investors stayed away from government bonds.

Peter Morici: They would anticipate that the Treasurys would not be paid, so they’d want a risk premium.

And to borrow from another Streisand song: “Watch Closely Now.” Morici says the markets use something called credit default swaps to hedge their risk on investments. But until lately, there’s been very little trading in such insurance policies for Treasurys, because they’ve always been considered so safe.

Morici: We might start to see a market for credit default swaps emerge, and the premium become quite telling — we might start to see the kinds of premiums associated with countries in trouble.

At New York’s Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, managing director Chris Rupkey says there might be little warning. When the government came close to shutting down back in April, he points out, the markets didn’t react until that night.

Chris Rupkey: People started to think like, oh my gosh, this could be something that could really happen.

If investors really started to panic this time around, Rupkey says by the time we realized it, it might just be too late.

I’m Bob Moon for Marketplace.

There’s a lot happening in the world.  Through it all, Marketplace is here for you. 

You rely on Marketplace to break down the world’s events and tell you how it affects you in a fact-based, approachable way. We rely on your financial support to keep making that possible. 

Your donation today powers the independent journalism that you rely on. For just $5/month, you can help sustain Marketplace so we can keep reporting on the things that matter to you.  

Need some Econ 101?

Our new Marketplace Crash Course is here to help. Sign-up for free, learn at your own pace.