China is on the move. For the past few weeks, hundreds of thousands of migrants have lined up here, outside the Shanghai Railway Station, to try and buy tickets back home to celebrate the Chinese New Year holiday, which begins February 2nd. The scene is similar outside thousands of train stations throughout the country.- Rob Schmitz/Marketplace
It's estimated the Chinese will make more than two and a half billion passenger trips in the next few weeks to see family. China allows people to buy tickets ten days in advance. People will commonly wait in line for one or two days to buy a ticket. The man in the foreground, Xu Yinzhang, is hoping to get a ticket back to his hometown of Chongqing. He's been in line for twelve hours. He says he'll settle for a standing-room-only ticket. He says last year he had to stand the entire 33-hour trip in a crowded car and couldn't walk for a day after he arrived home.- Rob Schmitz/Marketplace
Standing up in line all day is too much for this man, who has to wait another twelve hours for tickets to go on sale the following day.- Rob Schmitz/Marketplace
39 year-old Wang Dong He has been in line for close to 24 hours, and will have to wait a day longer before he has the opportunity to buy a ticket back home to Guangyuan, Sichuan Province. He's had a lot of time to think. He says living in Shanghai is becoming too expensive. He says he's either going to quit his job soon and start his own company with a friend, or he'll be forced to leave because he can't afford the rising cost of living in the big city. Skyrocketing inflation is hitting people like Wang hard in urban centers throughout China.- Rob Schmitz/Marketplace
The Shanghai Railway Station has erected an enormous tent to deal with the sheer volume of ticket booths. There are 150 booths where people can purchase tickets home.- Rob Schmitz/Marketplace
This area is well policed by both the People's Liberation Army soldiers and Shanghai municipal police. Police cars outside the station play looped recordings warning people not to buy tickets from scalpers, and people who try to cut in line are arrested.- Rob Schmitz/Marketplace
The New Year Holiday lasts throughout February. Towards the end of the month, migrants will repeat this arduous ritual at train stations near their hometowns. Some, though, will stay home. Going back to the big city is simply becoming too expensive for them.- Rob Schmitz/Marketplace
Going home for Chinese New Year
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Kai Ryssdal: Chinese President Hu Jintao's on the move today. After lunch on Capitol Hill, he's having dinner in Chicago with the mayor and the governor of Illinois.
Back home, meanwhile, Hu's countrymen are gearing up for what can only be called an epic travel challenge. The lunar New Year is approaching. Over the next couple of weeks, the Chinese will make an estimated 2.5 billion passenger trips.
Train stations are beyond packed, as our China Correspondent Rob Schmitz found out.
Rob Schmitz: For the Chinese, New Year's is a time of re-evaluating your life: Where you've been, where you're going.
Sound of whistle, crowds
...And where you're staying put. There's little else to think about while you're standing, motionless, in line with hundreds of thousands of others for two straight days just to get a train ticket. Just ask Wang Donghe.
Wang Donghe: I got here last night, about 24 hours ago. It'll be another day before I can get a chance to buy a ticket. Even then, I'm not sure I'll get one.
A megaphone on a police car belts out a looped recording, warning people to stay away from scalpers. Wang's greatest hope is that by this time tomorrow he'll have a ticket that'll let him to stand, wedged between other migrants, on a 36-hour train trip back home to Sichuan province so he can see his son.
Wang's 39. He assembles furniture at a warehouse for $500 a month. Half of that goes to rent for a bed in a crowded room; the other half to his family. But lately, he's set more aside to cover the rising cost of food. Rapid inflation makes him wonder what how he can go on.
Wang: I can't stay in Shanghai long term on such a low salary. I've been talking to a colleague about starting our own business making furniture, but who knows how that'll turn out. I really want to stay here. In the end, Shanghai will dump me before I dump her.
Further back in line, Yuan Shiping's found his own way of dumping Shanghai. He's making the break with some help from a bottle of 120-proof baijiu, rice liquor.
Yuan Shiping: The price for everything is going up, and my salary's the same. This year, I've lost a lot more money living here.
The 45-year-old construction worker poses a question: Why live in a crowded room in a crowded city when he's got a house on a farm back in Sichuan? Yuan takes another swig of his baijiu, wipes his lip and announces to his friends he's had it with Shanghai.
Yuan: These days, a lot of us aren't crazy about living in Shanghai. Why live so far away from our families when we can get a decent job back home? Things in our hometown have improved. So this time, I plan to stay there for good.
Yuan's friends stare at the ground, smirking. They've heard this before. And they'll hear it again on the two-day trip back home. And after New Year's is over, they'll most likely hear it yet again, on their return trip back to Shanghai.
At Shanghai's Railway Station, I'm Rob Schmitz for Marketplace.
Ryssdal: There's more about Rob's jaunt down to the train station on his blog, pictures of very long lines as well.