Student loan debt soars to record level

The amount U.S. graduates owe on education loans could become a bigger drag on the economy than the nation's total credit card debt.

Kai Ryssdal: When we were in Atlanta this weekend, we did a roundtable with a group of seniors at Emory University. Talked mostly about jobs and the election and what it's been like to be in school for four years alongside a weak economy.

But right at the end, we digressed for a bit into student loan debt and how big a deal it was for them. Turns out, it's a pretty big deal.

Here's part of the conversation that didn't make the show yesterday: computer science/engineering major Reginald Extra.

Reginald Extra: I'm definitely worried, I can't lie: I'm graduating with three heavy student loans. I just feel maybe that's also why my push is to get a job so hard and make sure I have something lined up. Because at the end of the day, I don't want to be in a position where it's these heavy bills, and I came to this school to get all these loans, and I didn't get a job out of it to pay it back.

Reggie Extra at Emory University this past weekend.

Turns out the Federal Reserve Bank of New York knows exactly how he feels. It's out with a new report that says -- once you add in however much Reggie owes -- this country's collective student loan bill is now $870 billion. That's more than our total credit card debt, and it's a burden not just on recent graduates.

Marketplace's Nancy Marshall-Genzer reports.


Nancy Marshall-Genzer: Today’s new college grads are so burdened with student loan debt, they’re putting off key life decisions. They’re moving back in with mom and dad, postponing buying that first new car or getting an apartment.

Jack Jennings is founder of the Center on Education Policy.

Jack Jennings: They won’t be buying furniture, they won’t be renting apartments or buying condos.  So it’ll have a ripple effect throughout the entire economy.

The furniture store sells fewer futons; electronic stores don’t sell as many TVs. The ripples from student debt swelled to a tsunami when they hit the housing market. Toppling sales figures for first-time buyers.

Rick Palacios is a senior research analyst at John Burns Real Estate Consulting. He says in 2009, 50 percent of all existing home sales were to first-timers. Now, it’s about 30 percent -- and dropping. Palacios says that has a ripple effect of its own, on what he calls "move-up buyers."

Rick Palacios: A move-up buyer typically counts on a first-time home buyer for them to sell their home and purchase a bigger home, purchase a nicer home.

And even if new, debt-laden grads wants to buy a new home? They may not qualify for a loan. Mike Ryan is with American Student Assistance, a nonprofit that helps people manage student debt.

Mike Ryan: If somebody is past due for a long period of time or defaults on a loan obligation, it will certainly be a red flag for the bank.

The New York Fed says as many as 27 percent of student loan borrowers are delinquent.

In Washington, I’m Nancy Marshall-Genzer for Marketplace.   

About the author

Nancy Marshall-Genzer is a senior reporter for Marketplace based in Washington, D.C. covering daily news.

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