San Bernardino Civic Plaza. Struggling after the 2008 economic crash, the city filed for bankruptcy on August 1, 2012.- Russell Calkins
A closed department store is just another sign of economic stress in the city. Norton Air Force Base and Kaiser Steel, the city's two previous big employers, have also closed.- Russell Calkins
San Bernadino is the county seat of San Bernardino County, the largest in the lower 48. It's also one of the nation's poorest: per capita income is $15,600.- Russell Calkins
The San Bernardino International Airport cost over $220 million and has not seen any passenger traffic as of yet.
Hans Van der tow spoke at the SBC Town Hall meeting. HIs message: The city needs less criminals and more tax paying citizens.- Russell Calkins
The $220 Million San Bernardino International Airport has yet to see a single passenger.- Russel Calkins
Al Palazzo grew up in San Bernardino. He has a 100 year plan for the city- Russel Calkins
Tim Prince founded the Citizens for Accountable City Government- Russell Calkins
Concepcion Powell, founder and president of the US Women's Hispanic Grocers Association. Her American flag used to sit behind her until someone stole it.- Russell Calkins
- Russel Calkins
An outdoor mall with no shops.- Russel Calkins
Draymond Crawford is head of graffiti clean up in San Bernardino. He has been trying to convince City Hall to install parking meters to generate new revenue- Russel Calkins
Crime vexes bankrupt San Bernardino
It's Friday night, and I'm riding shotgun with Sergeant David Carlson of the San Bernardino police department.
He’s checking the IDs of four teenaged girls who were pulled over for driving with their lights off when we hear the “pop, pop, pop” of gun shots a few blocks away.
When we arrive at the house where the shots were fired, our headlights illuminate an upside-down plastic storage container and clothing scattered across the front lawn. The front door is open and an officer looks down at a drop of blood on the floor.
A woman and her two children stand in the driveway, visibly shaken. The woman holds her 12-year-old daughter and 10-year-old son tight against her chest while the officers search the inside of the house.
Sergeant Carlson tries to comfort the kids.
“All right sweeties,” he says. “I know this was really scary, but just take a deep breath, we're here now. You gotta take care of your sister, OK?”
A police helicopter whirs overhead and despite its help, officers are unable to find either the shooter or the victim from the shooting last week.
It was a slow night, Carlson says, compared to most Fridays in San Bernardino, one of the most dangerous cities in California.
According to 2010 data, the violent crime rate is twice that of the rest of California. San Bernardino has declared bankruptcy, and it’s struggling to figure out how to make the budget cuts it needs to get back on track.
Hans Van Der Touw, a San Bernardino resident for the last 13 years, grew up in Holland and quotes a phrase from his native country when discussing the crime problem.
“We say weak doctors make stinking wounds,” he tells me. “In other words, if you don't attack it, head on the wound is going to rot even more.”
Van Der Touw runs an export business in San Bernardino. He's a regular at City Council meetings and he gives talks to local community groups often bringing big homemade charts and graphs. He believes public safety should be the city's number one priority.
“I would close down anything not essential in order to get police, get boots on ground,” he says. “If it means close all parks, if it means close all the swimming pools, I'm sorry.”
Van Der Touw says that once crime is under control the middle class will return, and in turn stabilize the city’s tax revenue.
Tim Prince disagrees. He is the founder of a group called Citizens for Accountable city government, one of several local groups that argue the fire and police officials are overpaid.
“There's no doubt about it,” Prince says. “Seventy-three percent of the city budget goes to police and fire union benefit.”
The actual percentage is 78, at least until this week – when the city council approved a $2.9 million cut in fire department funding. Some on the city council say the cuts don’t go deep enough.
The average salary for a San Bernardino police officer is $95,000. For firefighters it's about $145,000. Under a city charter, those salaries are linked to public safety salaries in 10 similar-sized cities across the state. Those cities are much wealthier than San Bernardino.
Neither the fire union nor the police union would grant an interview for this story. In the past, they have said that San Bernardino has to maintain competitive salaries with wealthier cities if it wants to attract quality employees.
“I’m a big supporter of public safety,” says San Bernardino city worker Draymond Crawford. “But I understand like anyone else you need to know what you can pay for.”
Crawford is in charge of graffiti cleanup in San Bernardino, but he used to work as a police officer in Long Beach when that city was going through a similar economic downturn.
“They cut their public safety down to a bare minimum,” he says. “There was no pay raises and Long Beach had a reputation for being the Wild West.”
Crawford says that one of the lessons he learned from watching Long Beach's economic recovery was how the city found ways to generate revenue. One of the simplest solutions -- which he has tried for years to get San Bernardino to do -- is to install parking meters downtown.
Crawford admits that parking meters alone won't solve all the city's problems but says different revenue streams might have helped the city stave off bankruptcy. Now, he says, it seems the city is forgoing small solutions in the hope that one silver bullet can fix its problems.
Next week in Marketplace’s series on San Bernardino, a check on how the city government is responding to the giant task of emerging from bankruptcy.