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The financial lives of the 'Boomerang Generation'

Courtney McNair, 25, prepares dinner for her parents and two sisters at her childhood home in Los Angeles.

Tess Vigeland: And now we move on to the roaring 20s. It's usually a decade full of financial firsts: First paycheck. First apartment. First bills. First student loan payments.

If you're lucky like Mino, you got some money counseling early on. But if you didn't, and you graduated into the worst economy since the Great Depression?


Courtney McNair: OK, that's good.

Margaret McNair: What's for dinner, anyway?

Courtney: Um, salmon and chicken -- if the microwave starts working...?

You might very well find yourself cooking dinner at the same address you had in high school. Living in the same bedroom. Working part-time for your dad.

That's 25-year-old Courtney McNair's life. Three years after graduating from Wellesley College in Massachusetts with a degree in political science and Spanish.

Courtney: I still have hope that I'll, you know, win the lotto or something and be able to get my own place anyways.

Vigeland: Would it take the lotto at this point for you to be able to do that?

Courtney: It might.

Cooking dinner four nights a week is how McNair pays the rent, so to speak, at her childhood home in the West Adams neighborhood of Los Angeles. Her folks don't charge actual rent, because they know her money has to go toward other serious expenses: $40,000 in student loan debt, $2,000 in credit card bills and $10,000 still to go on a car payment.

But McNair appears surprisingly nonplussed about her situation.

Courtney: I always assumed I'd live at home for a little while, save up money and go.

Vigeland: A little while being?

Courtney: Maybe a year or two? People in my generation, maybe their parents aren't as quick to kick them out.

After she graduated in 2008, McNair took the first job she was offered as a match coordinator with the Los Angeles Boys & Girls Club. It paid $25 an hour. But the she decided what she really wanted to do was teach special ed. Now she's back in school getting her master's degree. She's also tutoring and working part-time for a family foundation that provides low-cost legal services for special needs students.

Greg McNair: Hello?

Courtney: Hi Dad!

Greg: Hey!

Courtney: Yeah, that's my dad, my boss.

Her parents, both lawyers, run the foundation. Dad, Greg, pays her $13 an hour. The two of them meet at least once a week for lunch at the family dining room table.

Greg: Did you get any information from Sgt. Barlow about the boot camp program?

Courtney: No, he contacted you or at least that's what you said.

Greg: OK.

McNair is part of what's being called the "Boomerang Generation." They're saddled with huge student loans and a lousy job market. But what's most curious is that they don't seem to mind.

That's something McNair's mother, Margaret, has a tough time understanding.

Margaret: It seems as though they're afraid and that's a big change. You know, when I was in my 20s, I could not wait to get out there. I still think that every now and then, I could use a reality check when someone tells me that they can't find a job.

For now, back in grad school, Courtney's loans are deferred. But when she's done, all-told, she'll have more than $50,000 worth to pay off. Problem is, according to PayScale.com, the starting salary for a special ed teacher is just $29,000-$40,000.

Lauren Lyons Cole: You don't want to assume more student loan debt than what your salary will be when you graduate.

Lauren Lyons Cole is a 29-year-old certified financial planner in New York City. She says McNair's student debt load is pretty typical for her generation. And like many 20-somethings, Courtney hasn't done the math on what it's going to take to be in good financial shape.

Cole: So many young people don't understand that $40,000 a year, $50,000, even $60,000, it just really doesn't go far. Nobody's telling her that she has to go out and work on Wall Street or sell her soul. But the reality is that life is expensive.

Cole sas that McNair start by asking her father for a raise -- advice she is choosing to ignore because she says it would be too awkward. But she might ask for a retirement fund contribution.

McNair is also among the many, many young people who leave school without learning how to manage money.

Courtney: I've always hated money. Don't like it. I'm scared of it.

Vigeland: Why?

Courtney: I don't know! I think it was because when I was little, my grandma, who we lived with for a little bit before she passed away, she was horrible with money. She would blow through it at the end of the month. she had no money. No money!

So Cole's advice is as simple as it gets: Make a budget. She reviewed Courtney's finances and found she has about $200 left after paying all her expenses each month. She said $80 of that should go directly into a savings account. The rest, to a weekly allowance for herself.

Cole: Take that $30 at the beginning of the week, put it in your wallet, when it's gone at the end of the week, it's gone.

Once she has that habit down, Cole says, she needs to dream big. Think about how she wants her future to play out, and how she's going to fund that future. It's a future McNair isn't exactly rushing toward.

Courtney: I figure if I'm 30 and living at home, there's something wrong.

But now at least, she has some tools to start a financial journey.

Courtney: I'd like to have savings. I love to travel. On my bucket list is to visit all seven continents and I'd love to be able to that someday. Sooner than later.

That bucket list, of course, is going to cost money. And the reality of her student loans and other bills may put those dreams off for longer than she'd like. But one thing about Cole's advice stood out for McNair: At least, she says, she didn't think I'm the worst money handler in the world.

About the author

Tess Vigeland is the host of Marketplace Money, where she takes a deep dive into why we do what we do with our money.
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T Day, I think you need to take a closer look at the world. As an engineering graduate with a masters degree graduating in 09, it still took me 11 months of daily searching to find a job (vs when I started college 90% of seniors in my major had offers (plural) in hand before graduation). I have friends from school that took longer than I did. So yea its nice to say its just the liberal arts majors but it really isn't. The job market if you aren't currently employed really is that bad.

I did have to move back home during that time to stay afloat so I guess that makes me a boomeranger too. I got my loans deferred, but insurance and car payments (mine had died just after graduation and a lack of available cash requires a loan) eat through savings quickly. I put together a budget that gave me 100 a month to spend after those 2 expenses, so gas, everything in that 100. Rode a bike everywhere that wasn't an interview. It was a very spartan lifestyle trying to live without money, but sometimes sacrifice is necessary to get from where you are to where you want to be.

I do believe a big issue is prospective students don't look at how much they will make with their degree vs how much it will cost to get it. Far too many people hope to pay for a 120K education with employment prospects of 30-40K at best in a good economy.

This article glosses right over it, but $10k left to go on a car payment? I'm sorry, but she needs to sell the car and drive a used $2k beater. The sooner all of these younger people <a href="http://www.bucktrak.com">put together a budget,</a> the better off they'll be.

Too many of this generation has been raised by old, timid, clinging parents who have taught their babies to be afraid of everything from shadows to work. IS anyone really surprised to find that a kid who majored in Political Science in a private women's college can't find a job? I'd be amazed if anyone considered hiring her for anything. When engineering students (and I don't mean social engineering) are having a hard time finding work, we'll know something is wrong with the economy. As long as English majors and the rest of liberal arts find themselves behind a counter asking "would you like to supersize that" it's obvious that practical considerations are still in charge of the hiring process. No it's not alright that a 20-something is hiding at home pretending to be working for "Dad," but it's not unusual. Children of the elite have done that for generations. The infection has just spread to some working class families.

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