The trans-Siberian railway under construction, circa 1903. Original publication : The Graphic, 10th January 1903.
The trans-Siberian railway under construction, circa 1903. Original publication : The Graphic, 10th January 1903. - 

The Trans-Siberian Railway is the world's longest railway line, stretching between Moscow and Vladivostok. 

"It’s a railway along which wars have been fought. It’s a railway that united the world’s largest country, Russia," says Christian Wolmar, author of "To the Edge of the World: The Story of the Trans-Siberian Railway". "And it's a major artery of Russia and, therefore, incredibly important."

Before it was built in the 19th century, there was no simple way to get to the depths of Siberia. Today, it still acts as the main form of transportation between many Russian towns, including the rural Vladivostok and Irkutsk.

"There aren’t many flights and they’re very expensive for ordinary Russians," says Wolmar. "And the roads are just too long."

Wolmar tells us more of the story behind the 5,700 mile long railway in the audio player above. 

Follow Kai Ryssdal at @kairyssdal