German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrives to speak to delegates on the first day of the 24th CDU Party Congress in Leipzig, Germany. - 

STACEY VANEK-SMITH: German Chancellor Angela Merkel said today the European debt crisis could be Europe's most difficult hour since World War II. Julia Coronado is chief economist at BNP Parisbas. She joins us now from Paris. Good morning Julia.

JULIA CORONADO: Good morning.

VANEK-SMITH: Julia, what do you make of Merkel's remarks, what is the situation in Europe right now?

CORONADO: Well, I think that Mrs. Merkel summed it up pretty well she said to get through this crisis, what we need is more Europe.

VANEK SMITH: What does that mean, more Europe?

CORONADO: Well, so Europe has had a unified monetary policy, but they haven’t had a fiscal policy that’s unified. So what’s going to have to happen is each country is going to have less say over taxes and spending, they’re going to have to accept a set of more unified standards and lose a bit of national control.

VANEK-SMITH: Does that look more like the United States?

CORONADO: In fact, that looks a lot like the United States, where the states all have to pay federal taxes, and then there’s an authority that overreaches everybody, and yet the states have some independence at the same time, so I think that’s exactly the direction they need to go in to get through this.

VANEK-SMITH: What does that mean for Europe in the short term?

CORONADO: In the short term, it means a lot of pain. So that’s why in some senses they need to give up democracy in the near term in Italy, because painful cuts need to be made, it’s going to be tough on the economies, the European economy is indeed going into a recession, so it’s going to hurt in the short term in order to survive in the long term.

VANEK-SMITH: Julia Coronado is chief economist at BNP Parisbas. Julia, thank you.

CORONADO: My pleasure.

Follow Stacey Vanek Smith at @svaneksmith